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Ahmiyati sabzavot baroi organizmi odam va tarkibi gizogii on.

Dar vaqti tayyor kardangi taom yak qator amaliyoti paihami korkardi kulinarii masoleh mavjud ast, ki onro ravandi tekhnologi menomand. ravandi tekhnologii tayyor kardani taom avval korkardi sabzavot iborat ast. Ahamiyati sabzavot ba modahoi zudhazm, az jumla angishtobho vobasta ast. Dar sabzavotho vitaminho va namakhoi mineralii baroi organizmi inson zarur mavjudand, onho inchunin safeda, kislotahoi organiki gunogun va ravgani efir dorand, ki ba hazmi khurok yori merasonand.

sabzavot

Baroi on ki qimati gizoi sabzavotro nigoh dorem, onro pesh az pukhtan durust tayyor boyad kard. Azbaski mikrobu angezandahoi kasalihoi siroyati tavassuti sabzavoti khub korkardnashuda ba organizmi inson intiqol yoftanash mumkin ast, onro pesh az istemol bo obi khunuk hatman shustan lozim ast. Bekhmeva va kartoshkaro badi shustan tunuk pust kanda, joyhoi pusidavu illatnokashro burida mepartoyand. Binobar in dar tagi pusti sabzavot joygir shudani vitamin va namakhoi minerali onro to hadi imkon tunuktar pust kandan behtar ast.

Dar vaqti tayyor kardani taom boehtiyot va sarfakorona munosibat karda, ba partovi sabzavothoro ba maqsadhoi muayyan istifoda bared. Misol, partovi kartoshkaro baroi hosil kardani krakhmal va partovi lablabui surkhro baroi tayyor kardani rangi khurokvori va yo hamchunin khuroki hayvonot istifoda mebarand.

Dar istehsoloti khuroki umumi taomro dar sekhhoi khunuk garm va qannodi tayyor mekunand. Baroi korkardi avvalin chunin mashinaho istifoda mebarand ba navho judo kunanda, sabzavotshuyanda, toza va rezakunanda va amsoli inho.

Hurok baroi salomati, faoliyatmandi va tanzimi harakatu holati inson hatmist. Tarkibi khurok az har guna gizoi mufid, misli safeda, charbu karbogidrat, moddahoi ba inson zaruri, moddahoi madani, obu vitaminho iborat ast, ki baroi inson lozimand.

Karbogidrat – tamingari quvvai inson buda, dar tarkibi sabzavot, shiravori, galladona, asal va qand farovon ast.

Safeda – gizoi tabiiyu bagoyat muhimi organizmi zinda ast. Az safeda hujayra, boftaho va uzvhoi inson tarkib meyoband. Safeda hamchun manbai quvva, vosilai hazmi khurok va tavizgari moddahost.

Safeda dar tarkibi shir, tukhm, mohi, gusht, birinj va gayraho beshtarast.

CHarbu – (ravgan) – dar hama holathoi mubodilaash moddahoi faoli hayot ast. On organizmi zindaro az sardi muhofizat menamoyad. Hamchun vositai asosii quvvai dar tarkib yoftani boftaho, ravgani gusht, rastani va shir tartib meyobad. Vobasta ba sinnu sol, jins va faoliyati mehnatii inson talaboti shabonaruzii on ba 80-100 g ravgan merasad, ki az on 20-25 g boyad ravgani rastani, 20 g ravgani maska boshad. Ravgan dar arkibi bisyor mahsuloti khurokvori vomekhurad.

Ob qarib az 2/3 hissai vazna badani insonro tashkil medihad. Murakabtarin tagiroti sershumori moddahoi hujayra, ki boisi faoliyati zindagii organizm meboshad, tanho dar mahlulhoi ob ba vujud omada meshavad. Agar inson be taom yakchand hafta zindagoni karda tavonad, ammo be ob hamagi yakchand shabonaruz zindagi karda metavonadu khalos.

Ob dar hayot maqomi khosa dorad. vobasta ba sinu sol, vazni jismoni va sharoiti iqlimi nson dar yak shabonaruz 1,5 – 2 l va yo az in ziyodtar ob istemol mekunad. ob dar tabiat bisyor ast. Vay dar tarkibi mevayu sabzavot va mahsuli shiri ba miqdori ziyod mavjud ast. Baroi on ki taom foidaovar shavad boyad rejai taomkhuriro rioya namuda, dar vaqti muayan tanovul kardani taom mufid ast.

 Tarkibi khurok.

  1. Safeda.
  2. Ravgani charbu
  3. Karbogidrat
  4. Ob
  5. Moddahoi minerali
  6. Vitaminho
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