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Ahmadi Donish va maorifparvaroni digar

Jarayoni maorifparvari yake az dastovardhoi tarikhii adiboni tojik dar adabiyoti nimai duyumi asri XIX ba shumor meravad. Hidmati tarikhii Ahmadi Donish az on iborat ast, ki u tavassuti ejodiyoti khud ba zuhuru tashakkuli jarayoni maorifparvari bunyod guzosht.

Ahmadi Donish afkori maorifparvariro ham ba vositai ejodiyoti khud, ham ba vositai hamfikronash ommavi namudaast. Mutafakkir dar asarhoi «Navodir-ul-vaqoe», «Risolai tarikhi», fasli ponzdahumi «Navodir-ul-vaqoe», «Risola dar nazmi tamaddun va taovun» va gayra ba in masala tavajjuhi beshtar kardaast.

Buzurgtarin adib, shoir, olim va mutafakkir, ustod S.Ayni oid ba bahrabardorii khud az Ahmadi Donish va makhsusan, az kitobi «Navodir- ul-vaqoe»-i u menavisad: «Johoi ba man tasirbakhshi «Navodir-ul- vaqoe» on joho budand, ki man on hodisahoro dar zindagi dida budam va az on ahvol diltang meshudam, ammo hej goh isloh kardan va isloh shudani on ahvol dar khotiram nameguzasht va gumon mekardam, ki dunyo hamin tarz omadaast, hamin tarz hast va hamin tarz ham meravad, chi boyad kard?»… Ammo, vaqte ki man on ahvolro dar mundarijoti «Navodir-ul-vaqoe» bo tasviri reali-bo tasvire, ki khud dar zindagi dida budam, khondam, ba man holati digar ruy dod. Man dar dili khud guftam in ahvolro isloh kardan lozim ast, modom ki man asloh karda nametavonam, az vay nafrat kardan zarur ast. Inqilobi fikri kam ham boshad, dar man ana dar hamon vaqt ruy dod».

Albatta, dar in qazovati ustod S.Ayni mo junbishhoi fikri, bedorii mafkuravii ahli qalamro ba hayot, ba ruzgor mebinem. YAne az chunin tarzi muhokimaroni pay burdan mumkin ast, ki munosibati rushanfikron nisbat ba ruzgoru zindagi, ba sokhti davlatdori digar shudaast.

CHunin bedorii fikri dar zamoni zindagii Ahmadi Donish zuhur karda budaast. Minbad ham on doirai vasetarero faro giriftavu baroi khudshinosii mardum musoidat kardaast. Az jumla, dar intihoi sadai XIX va ogozi asri HH yak zumra ahli qalami Osiyoi Miyona: SHamsuddin SHohin, Abdulqodirkhoja Savdo, Qori Rahmatullohi Vozeh, Toshkhoja Asiri, Mirzo Siroj, Fitratu Muqimi va digaron dar osori adabii khud baroi bedorii fikrii omma khidmathoi bedareg kardaand.

Ba khusus, tasvirhoi realistii Ahmai Donish ba tajribai ejodii ustod S.Ayni tasiri buzurg rasonidaast. Hatto tasvirhoi realistii Ahmad Mahdumi Donish javoni bolayoqat – ustod S.Ayniro ba vajdu hayajon ovardaast. In ast, ki S.Ayni taassuroti khudro pas az khondani hikoyati «Baqqol»-i Donish dar asari khud «YOddoshtho» chunin bayon kardaast:

«-In tasviri Ahmad Makhdum ba man onchunon tasir kard, ki baqqoli mazkur az nazaram hej dur nameraft. Baqqolero, ki dar rastavu bozor dar du tarafi kucha, dar dukonhoyashon nishasta molhoyashonro mefurukhtand, duru daroz peshashon istoda tamosho kardan baroi man mumkin nabud.

Okhir dar ru ba rui gushai janubu garbii sahni madrasai Kukaltosh baqqolero yoftam, ki az jihati qiyofai zohiri ham ba baqqoli Ahmadi Donish monandi dosht. Man har ruz soatho dar gushai sahn nishasta, koru kirdori on baqqolro dar zeri nazari diqqat megiriftam va hama kori uro muvofiqi kirdori baqqoli Ahmad Mahdum meyoftam va dar in hol ba nazari zindagibini va haqiqatnigorii muallifi «Navodir-ul- vaqoe» tahsin bar tahsinam muafzud».

Az in ru, osori ilmi, tarikhi, adabi-badeii nasri va manzumi Ahmadi Donish na tanho baroi ilmu adabiyot arzishmand ast, balki baroi khalqu davlat va umuman jamiyat ahamiyati bunyodi dorad. Zero osori u bedorii fikri, junbishhoi manaviyotsoz va inqilobi mafkuravii milliro tamin namud. Baroi khudshinosi va huvviyati milli zaminahoi asosi bunyod kard.

Savol va suporishho:

1.Oid ba ovoni tifli va javonii Ahmadi Donish chi medoned?

  1. Dar borai tahsili ibtidoi va madrasavii Ahmadi Donish malumot dihed.
  2. Ahmadi Donish hangomi tahsil dar madrasa boz ba kadom kasbho mashgul shudaast?
  3. Sababi ba darbor davat karda shudani Ahmadi Donish chi bud?
  4. Ahmadi Donish chand dafa ba Rossiya safar kardaast?
  5. Kadomin amiri Bukhoro ba Ahmadi Donish unvoni ilmi- iftikhoriro sazovor donist?
  6. Oid ba Donish natijai safarhoi Ahmadi Donish ba Rossiya naql kuned.
  1. Sababhoi norizoii amir Muzaffar az Ahmadi Donish chi bud?
  2. Hangomi safarhoyash Ahmadi Donish bo kadom shakhsoni siyosi- tarikhi, ilmi va farhangi shinos gardidaast?
  3. Oid ba poyoni ruzgori Ahmadi Donish chi medoned?
  4. Merosi ilmi va adabii Donishro nombar kuned.
  5. Asarhoi ilmii Ahmadi Donish kadom mavzuhoro dar bar megirand?
  6. Mazmuni mukhtasari «Navodir-ul-vaqoe»-ro naql kuned.
  7. Dar «Navodir-ul-vaqoe» kadom lahzahoi sharhiholii navisanda inikos shudaast?
  8. Dar kadom faslhoi in asar musofirati navisanda ba Rossiya bayon gardidaast?
  9. Nazari Ahmadi Donish ba avzoi Bukhoro va muqoisai on bo Rossiyaro naql kuned.
  10. Ahmadi Donish oid ba munosibathoi akhloq va oiladori chi aloqa dorad?
  11. Doir ba faslhoi hamosii «Navodir-ul-vaqoe» malumot dihed.
  12. Dar khususi shakhsiyat va kornomai SHukurbek chi medoned?
  13. Tafovuti bobi 15-umi «Navodir-ul-vaqoe» az digar bobhoi on dar chist?
  14. Mazmuni mukhtasari «Risola yo mukhtasare az tarikhi saltanati khonadoni mangitiya»-ro naql kuned.
  15. Tavajjuhi Ahmadi Donish ba kadome az amironi mangitiya beshtar ast?
  16. Tafovuti «Navodir-ul-vaqoe» va «Risola»-ro dar chi mebined?
  17. Ahmadi Donish dar talifi «Risola» ba kadom khulosa omadaast?
  18. Oid ba jarayoni maorifparvari chi medoned?
  19. CHaro Donishro asoguzori jarayoni maorifparvari medonand?
  20. Tasiri Ahmadi Donish ba maorifparvaroni digarro sharh dihed.
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