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Abdulqodirkhoja Savdo

YAke az shoironi khushzavqi nimai duyumi asri H1H-1-8 Abdulqodirkhoja Savdo dar rushdi adabiyoti davr sahmi sazovor guzoshtaast. U asosan shoiri gazalsaro buda, dar tahavvuli navhoi adabii digar niz hissaguzor ast.

Abdulqodirkhojai Savdo dar Bukhoro ba dunyo omadaast va sanai valodati uro miyonai solhoi 1823-1825 muqarrar kardaand. Tibqi shahodati Vozeh dar «Tuhfat-ul-ahbob…», baromadi ijtimoii Savdo ba khonadoni olimi marufi asri XVII – Mavlono SHarif taalluq doshtaast. Qori Rahmatullohi Vozeh dar khususi donishi hamatarafai Abdulqodirkhojai Savdo va taqriban dar ovoni 20 – 22 – solagi madrasaro khatm namudani u khabar medihad, ki khele muhim va arzishmand meboshad. Savdo chi dar ilmhoi tabiatshinosi misli riyoziyot, tabiiyot, nujum, handasa va chi dar ilmhoi insonshinosi ba monandi tarikh, adabiyot, sarfu nahv, lugat, mantiq, hikmat va gayra bahrai khele komil doshta, nozukihoi ulumi musiqi va az jumla, «SHashmaqom»-ro niz azbar namuda, hatto dar navokhtani asbobi musiqii tanbur sohibtab budaast.

Tazkiranigoron-Hashmat va Sadri Ziyo afzudaand, ki Savdo ilmi khatro ham khub omukhta, ba khattoti niz mashgul budaast. Vale pesh az hama, Savdo dar tarikhi adabiyoti tojik hamchun shoiri lirik-gazalsaro shuhrat dorad. Savdo hanuz az ovoni khurdsoli, hangomi tahsil dar madrasa ba ejodi sher niz shugl varzidaast. Muhim on ast, ki shoir dar ejodi gazaliyotu musammatho takhallusi «Savdo»-ro ba kor burda, dar ejodi osori tamoyuli hajvidoshta takhallusi «Bepul»-ro kor farmudaast. Ziyoda az in, Mirzo Abdulazimi Somi dar «Mirot-ul-khayol» khabar medihad, ki Savdo dar ahdi Nasrullohkhon (1826-1860) ba darbor jalb karda meshavad va u dar in jo bo peshai tarrohi (kashidani tarhi imoratho) va naqqoshi kasbi maosh mekardaast.

Muallifi hamin tazkira, yane dar ahdi amir Nasrullohkhon ba darbor roh yoftani Mirzoabdulqodirkhoja Savdoro khotirrason menamoyad. Az jumla, u takid menamoyad, ki:

Dar ayyomi sultoni volojanob,

Amir Nasrullohi bahodurkhitob.

Ba tarrohiyu naqsh mamur bud,

Zi inomi altof masrur bud.

Muzaffarkhon khele shakhsi ayyoshu kamhavsala va nisbati mulku davlat beparvotare budaast va az in ru, in khislati u ba Savdo chandon pisand naomadaast. Soli 1873 Abdulqodirkhojai Savdo bo yak suporishi amir Muzaffarkhon rohi Baljuvonro pesh megirad, vale az rui tasdiqi ustod S.Ayni, shoir dar sinni 50-solagi dar daryoi Vakhsh garq shudaast.

EJODIYOTI SAVDO

Savdo, asosan dar ejodi gazal, ruboi, musammat tabi baland doshtaast, vale bisyor afsus, ki tangii maishi uro imkon nadodaast, ki sari qudrat omadani pisari Nasrullohkhon-amir (1860-1885) Savdo hamchun yake az nadimoni khosi faoliyat kardaast. Vale malum ast, ki amir ashorashro murattab namuda ba tab birasonad. Az tarafi digar, Abdulqodirkhojai Savdo dar tahavvuli nasri badei niz sahmi bosazo dorad.

Ashori ginoii Savdo az mavzuhoi ishqu oshiqi, shuru isyonhoi qalbii insoni, hissiyoti nozuku latifi odami, bemehrii mahbuba, vafodorii oshiq, besabrivu noshikeboii mashuqa va bovafoivu shikeboii oshiq va gayra iborat ast. Umuman, lirika va osori manzumi Savdoro muhaqqiqon iborat az du qismat donistaand: lirikai oshiqi va ashori hajvi-mutoibavi. Dar ruzgori Savdo tasiri Bedil va jarayoni bedilizm dar sheru adabi Osiyoi Miyona makhsus bud. Az in ru, in tasir dar ashori Savdo niz ba khubi ba mushohida merasad.

Albatta, ashore, ki to andozae ohanghoi tasavvufi dorand, u dar taqlid ba gazaliyoti Hofiz ejod kardaast va chunin munosibati Savdo dar payravii ashori Bedil niz ba mushohida merasand. CHunonchi, gazali zerin, ki onro zeri nufuzi ashori abulmaoni Mirzo Abdulqodiri Bedil guftaast, muntakhaban zikr khohem kard:

Gayri ranjuron zi kas ahvoli ranjuron mapurs,

Zakhm donad chist holi jismi logar tegro.

Donishat gar hast, asbobi tamalluq gu, mabosh,

Zevarash lozim naboshad, hast gavhar tegro.

Az muvosohoi[1] sofitinaton emin mabosh,

Fitnaho dar tabi hamvor ast muzmar tegro.

Fitnajuyoni zamonro tarbiyat kardan khatost,

CHarkh az mohi nav okhir khurd bar sar tegro.

Az fusuni tarbiyathoi zamon emin mabosh,

Ruy bar sang ast az dasti fasongar[2] gegro….

Tabi Savdo pur zi istehsoli dunon tira ast,

Sangi nokhush az fason[3] sozad mukaddar[4] tegro.

Gazali mazkur khele hunarmandona ejod shudaast, mundarijai gazal va mavzui asosii on ijtimoi-shikvoi buda, holati qahramoni lirikiro faro giriftaast. Azbaski bunyodi tematikii on holati ijtimoist, az in ru, khususiyathoi shaklii on niz ba mundarija purra tobeiyat kardaand va in ast, ki teg asbobi berahmtarin ba sifati radif qaror doda shudaast.

Az nigohi vazn gazali bolo khele jolib ast va pesh az hama, boyad guft, ki gazal tobishi qavii andarzi-mavizati, nasihati dorad va az in ru, ejodi on dar bahri Ramal qaror doda shudaast. YAne gazal dar bahri Ramali musammani mahzuf yo maqsur insho shudaast, ki arkoni on chunin ast:

— V — — I – V — — I – V — — I – V – yo: –V-

foilotun, foilotun, foilotun, foilun yo foilon va gayra.

Boyad guft, ki to ba imruzho jamovarii abyoti pareshoni Savdo idoma dorad va on chi ki ahli ilm to kunun dastras namudaand, bo nazardoshti shumorai aniq chunin ast: 5 qasida, 56 gazal, 2 musammati mukhammas, 6 masnavi, 9 ruboi, 11 fard, 1 marsiya, 1 tarjeband, 1 tarikh va haft hikoyati mansur, ki yake az onho ba nomi «Muzhikot»[5] mashhur ast.

[1]        Muvoso-sozish, yori

[2]       Fasongar-charkhchi

[3]         Fason-qayroq

[4]       Mukaddar – tira, siyoh

[5]       Muzhikot-mutoibot

Dar ashori ginoii u, ki gazaliyot qismati markazii onro faroham ovardaast, ishq va mavzuhoi ishqi, nozu istignoi mashuqa, azobi hijronu dardi judoi, umedi visolu durii firoq, tajili mahbubavu shikeboii oshiq ba tavri khele voqei, mushakhkhas, dilpaziru khushohang, gushnavozu jazzob, matlubu maqbul va bo hunari khele voloi shoirona ejod gardidaast:

Omadi, harfi nihoni ba tu doram, binishin, Dardi hijron ba tu yak-yak bishumoram, binishin. Nafase sabr namo, in hama tajil makun, Peshi tu qissae az khuni dil oram, binishin. Hama sarmoya ba savdoi tu doram, hayhot, Nim jon mondavu on ham bisuporam, binishin. Hushtar az joni jahon donamat, ammo chi kunam, Madadi toleu iqbol nadoram, binishin. Omadi bar saru imruz tarahhum kardi, Rui khud bar kafi poi tu guzoram, binishin. Az gami turrai oshuftaat oshufta shudam, CHdm gardon ba muruvvat dili zoram, binishin. Solho z-on nigahi masti tu budam makhmur, To zi sar dur shavad ranji khumoram, binishin. Hast sarmashqi dabistoni dilam yodi khatat, Ruzu shab nest juz in sheva shioram, binishin. Barmachin domon az khoki man, andesha makun, Pok bar bodi fano raft guboram, binishin. Har kas anduhi dili khesh ba yorash guyad, Dar du olam nabuvad gayri tu yoram, binishin. Dil ba juz vasli tu bo hech tasallo nashavad, Nest dar hajri tu oromu qaroram, binishin.

YAke az janbahoi hunarii gazaliyoti Abdulqodirkhojai Savdo daryoftu korbasti radif ast va hunari u dar istifodai radif ba haddest, ki shoyad kam shoire boshad, ki onro his namoyadu dar sherash dar chunin shakl az on kor bigirad. Masalan, qablan mo ogoh shudem, ki chun garaz hasbi hol, avzoi qavii ijtimoi boshad, u az teg kor girifta, baroi takidi mano onro (tegro) radif qaror medihad. Dar gazali zikrshuda, ki hadaf hijron, firoq, duri, sangdiliyu bemehrii mahbuba ast, lahzai visol, ki dame dast dodaast, onro ganimat medonad va kalimai binishinro (sabri mahbubaro) baroi takidi mano va qavi baromadani mundarijai gazal radif qaror medihad. Dar gazali zikrshuda, ki az yozdah bayt iborat ast, duvozdah marotiba kalimai (feli amrii) binishin ba sifati radif takidan ovarda meshavad, ki maqsad hamono poydorii visol meboshad. Dar ashori ginoii Savdo, inchunin mavzuhoi digar az qabili hajvu tanqid va hazlu shukhi niz khele amiq resha dorad va khele qavi sado medihad. U dar ashori ginoii khud, ba khusus ahli amironu hokimon, zolimonu mumsikon, firebgaronu qaltabonon, ruhoniyoni mutaassibu riyokoronro sakht nakuhish menamoyad va dar ayni hol, ba himoyai adolati ijtimoi mekhezad. CHunonchi, dar in sherash Savdo zohidonro, ki ba zuhdi riyoi ru ovardavu asoshoi dinro durust namedonand, sakht tanqid mekunad:

Zohid, chi dihi maro tu pando? CHun pandi tu nest sudmando. Man nush giriftam az labonash, Digar chi kuni hadisi qando? Ishqidani mo na ikhtiyorist, Moro nakuned rishkhando. Tarzi digare biyor, Savdo, CHun tarzi turo namekharando.

Albatta, dar tanqidi zohidoni riyoi u ba poyai Kamoli Hujandi narasida boshad ham, paziroii ananaro idoma dodaast. Zero hajvu tanqidi Savdo janbai hazlu shukhii kinoyaomeze dorad, ki in padida khosi khudi in shoir ast. In jihatro Qori Rahmatullohi Vozeh va SHamsuddin SHohin niz taqviyat dodaand. Hamin hissiyoti balandi hazlu shukhi hatto dar gazaliyoti ishqii shoir niz ba mushohida merasad. CHunonchi:

Dil gum shuda man ba peshi rammol Raftam, ki baroi man bizan fol. Ohid, ki : «In mato burdast, Mahbubaki shukhi khurdakaksol». YAk zarra vafo burun naomad, Hoki hama bekhtam ba girbol, Sahl ast, ki dar jafo bisabram, Hosiyati sabr hast ishol. Ay joni balokashida, meoh V-ay qalbi sitamrasida menol. Aknun tu ba dasti ishqi ui. Monandai murda peshi gassol. Pas dar hama umri khud nadidam Oromi tanu farogati bol. Hubon chu ba mo bailtifotand, Moro chi zarurat ast in hol? Savdo, sari ishqboziyat hast, Avval ba kaf or mablagu mol.

In sher aslan ishqi buda, ohangi bisyor nozuki shukhiomeze dorad, ki khosi sabki Savdo ast.

Hadafi shoir bayoni arzi holi oshiq buda, zimnan hajvi rammol niz khele ustodona ba tasvir omadaast, ki tanqidi khurofot meboshad. SHoir dar maniofarivu mazmunsozi az sanathoi sherii igroq, kinoya, majoz, tavsif, tanosubi sukhan, nido, tashbeh, istiora va gayra khele uhdabaroyonavu hunarmandona kor giriftaast.

Az nigohi khususiyathoi shakli niz gazali bolo jolibu khondanist. Gazal muraddaf nest. Qofiyahoi gazal kalimahoi rammol, fol, khurdakaksol, girbol, ishol, menol, gassol, bol, hol, mol ast. Dar in kalimahoi qofiya juzvi «-ol» reshai qofiya buda, harfi «o» ridfi mufrad va harfi «l» ravist. Hudi qofiya qofiyai muqayyad meboshad, zero pas az ravi unsuri digar nadorad.

Gazal dar bahri Hazaji musaddasi akhrabi maqbuzi maqsur (yo mahzuf) ejod shudaast, ki afoili on chunin meboshad:

  • – V / V – V – / V – ~
  • – V / V – V – / V – ~

yane: mafulu mafoilun, faulon yo in ki faulun.

Vale az nigohi istifodai kalimaho chand feli khudsoz (ikhtiroi khudi Savdo) dida meshavad. On kalimaho: ohid-ba manii sabr kardan, meoh- oh kashidan yo oh guftan meboshad. Albatta, chunin tarzi kalimasozi khosi sabki Savdo buda, khilofi ishtiqoq ast. Vale baroi ohangi shukhiomez kasb kardani gazal khizmat mekunand.

Boyad guft, ki dar lirikai Savdo andeshahoi maorifparvari va junbishhoi mafkuraviyu barkhurdhoi siyosi hanuz mushohidanashavanda ast, zero chunin junbishho, bedorshaviho, rastokhezhoi zehni, bardoshthoi aqloni, rahoi az tafakkuri sirfan gulomona to andozae pas az nashrhoi «Navodir-ul-vaqoe»-i Ahmad Makhdumi Donish, «Savoneh-ul- masolik…»-i Qori Rahmatullohi Vozeh, «Tuhafi ahli Bukhoro»-i Mirzo Siroj va gayra ba miyon omad va az in ru, yake az khidmathoi khele shoistai Savdo dar inikosi mafkurai asr dar lirika va nasri badeist. Dar ashori ginoii u mavzuhoi digari ijtimoi az qabili: shikva az kambizoati, az tangii maishi, norizoi az beqadrii ahli ilm, maorif, farhang, sanat, beqadrii hunar, ejodi bade, tanqidi khislathoi razilai insoni az qabili: kibru gurur, buzurgmanishivu khudkhohi, havobalandivu takabbur, pastfitrati, mardumfirebi, gammozivu choplusi, muftkhurivu hannoti va gayra khele khub ba tasvir omadaast. Az tarafi digar, dar ashori Savdo khislathoi hamidai insoni vasf karda meshavad va az jumla, shoir chunin sifathoi insoni, sakhovatmandi, olihimmati, khayrkhohi, nekukori, ilmdusti, khiradmandi, raiyatnavozi, khalqdusti, vatanparvari, mehnati sofdilona, furutani, shikastanafsi, khoksori, purtoqati, saburi va gayraro jonibdori menamoyad. Albatta, Savdo dar ogozi ejodiyoti khesh beshtar ba shuaroi nomii tarikhi adabiyoti tojik misli Hoja SHamsiddin Muhammad Hofizi SHerozi, Mirzo Abdulqodiri Bedil barin shoironi sohibmaktab payravi namuda, ashori uhdabaroyona ejod kardaast. Vale mo hej goh chunin davo nadorem, ki ejodiyoti Savdo ba kulli taqlidist. Az tarafi digar, agar mantiqan andesha karda shavad, pas har shoire nametavonad ba Hofizu Bedil barin simohoi jahonii adabiyoti tojik saru kor bigirad. Az in ru, khudi daleli ba ashori Hofizu Bedil ru ovardani Savdo bashorati istedodu mahorat va donishu malakai ejodii ust, ki tavassuti osori mahfuzmondai u qazovat karda meshavad.

Digar az janbahoi furuzoni ashori Savdo va osori mansuri u tobishi khele qavii hajvi doshtani onho meboshad. U ham dar nazm va ham dar nasr az hikoyotu latifaho, az tabirotu sukhanhoi virdizaboni khele nozuk kor megirad va dar natijai on hajvi malehe rui kor huvaydo meshavad. Inchunin, ohangi tasvir tobishi hajviyu tanqidi kasb mekunad. Adabiyotshinoson merosi Savdoro, ki janbai mutoibavi dorad, doroi se bakhsh donistaand:

  1. Ashori mutoibavie, ki ba tariqi zarofat-hazlomezu shukhiomez ejod shudaast;
  2. Ashore, ki dar payravii Abuishoqi Atimai SHerozi talif gardidaast;
  3. Ashori mutoibavie, ki tavassuti on illathoi jomea tanqidu mazammat shudaand.

CHunin tabaqabandi, ki zikrash dar bolo raft, hatto ashori oshiqonai Savdoro niz faro megirad. Janbai ashori mazkuri Savdoro muosironi u-SHohinu Hayrat idoma bakhshidaand va guftan mumkin ast, ki hatto muvaffaqiyat ham paydo kardaand. Albatta, in mavzu dar ejodiyoti Savdo nav nest, zero hajvu mutoiba dar adabiyoti tojik yake az mavzuhoi jovidona meboshad va goliban yake az mavzuhoi markazii ashori shoironi to ustod Rudaki budaast. Tanho ba yod ovardani on kifoya ast, ki hatto dar adabiyoti shifohi niz on mavqei makhsus dorad va daleli in qazovat yak qitai hajvii mardumoni Balkh dar hijoi Asad ibni Abdulloh ast, ki tibqi shahodati «Tarikhi Tabari», ki soli 725 ejod shudaast va hajvi siyosi ast:

Az Hutalon omadaih,

Ru ba taboh omadaih.

Hushku nizor omadaih, Ovora boz omadaih.

Albatta, dar ashori shoironi asri H in mavzu khele ustuvor gardida, hatto ba hamosahoi milli vorid shudaast va daleli qavii on epizodhoi hajvi-tanqidi va mutoibavii «SHohnoma»-i Firdavsii Tusi meboshad. Mo dar in asar, yane «SHohnoma», hajvi siyosiro mebinem, ki goliban shohon, siyosatmadoron tanqid karda meshavand, ba khusus Kovusshoh, Afrosiyob, Zahhok, Jamshed, Salm, Tur va digaron. Inchunin ruhoniyoni zardushti, ki riyo kardaand, sarlashkaron, pahlavonon va gayra. Dar asri XII Suzanii Samarqandi hajvro az haddi etidol barovarda ba hajvi qabeh badal sokht. Dar ejodiyoti Ubaydi Zokoni ohangi khele jiddi kasb namud. Ananai uro to andozae Abdurrahmoni Mushfiqi qabul kardu taqviyat bakhshid va gayra.

Vale janbai malehi onro adabiyoti tasavvufi paziruft, ki namunahoi behtarini on dar masnaviho va ashori lirikii Hakim Abulmajd Majdud ibni Odam Sanoii Gaznavi (makhsusan, dar «Kornomai Balkh») taqviyat bakhshid. Dar osori Fariduddini Attor va makhsusan, dar masnavii Jaloluddini Balkhi jiloi tozavu nodir girift va pisandi hamagon shud. Az in nuqtai nazar, Savdo ananai mazkurro dar davrai tamoman nav, bo tobishi digar ehyo kard. Muosironi u ba in janbai umumibashari bakhshidand va manzuri mo ejodiyoti Ahmadi Donish, Qori Rahmatullohi Vozeh va Mirzo Siroji Hakim meboshad. Tozakorihoi Savdo ham dar nazm va ham dar nasr idoma bakhshidani mavzui mazkur meboshad.

Savdo na tanho shoiri tavono, balki dar nasri adabi ham tabi baland doshtani khudro nishon dodaast. Az u asari nasri niz boqi mondaast, ki namunai khele khubi nasri mutoibavi meboshad. In asari mutoibavi tahti unvoni «Muzhikot» mashhur ast. Asari mazkur az panj qism iborat buda, muallif onhoro tahti unvoni «Nagma» yod kardaast. Janri «Muzhikot» ananavi nest. Masalan, ba asarhoi mashhurtarin navisandai hajvnigori asri H1U-Ubaydi Zokoni («Akhloq-ul-ashrof», «Sipand», «Dah fasl» yo «Tarifot» va gayra) monand nest. YAne az jihati khususiyathoi janri asari Savdo navovari dar nasri badeist. Az in ru, dar leksikai zaboni adabii tojik niz tasiri farovon guzoshtaast. Az janri digar, dar nasri hajviyu mutobavii Savdo unsurhoi nasri musajja ba nazar merasad, ki in unsur yake az khususiyathoi nasri badeii mutoibavii navisandaro faroham ovardaast: «Ammo misrae namekhond, ki kalomotash pula nashuda boshad va arkoni avzonash shula. To halvori gohe lundae halvoe dar kori mullo kardi va mulloro az in havloi bedud khushnud sokhti. Mullo bo dahoni shirin ba shirinmaqoli ba madhi zuhur-ul-gaybash niz pardokhti.

Baze az bobhoi «Muzhikot»-i Savdo khele khotirmonu joliband Az jumla, bobi «Nagmai chahorum: Dostoni Bibipanirii Kayvoni va Ona Majoni Hodim». Epizode dorad, chunonchi:«Ruze dar majlise, ki jame az zanoni akobiru ayon hozir budand, kelinbikai balandhikkaro ziyon girift (bemor shud). Lab megazidu dandon mekhoid. Bibipanirii Kayvoni ba tarzi muomilashinosi va qoidadoni ba dastur dar korash kard, mufid nayaftod. To Ona Majoni Hodim pesh omada guft:

-Ey, dugona, korro bebayona (nomalum) boyad kard va tadbirro mavqe boyad shinokht, to ki charkh chun tir bar nishona oyad. Bibi Mahruy- modarshui man, daste dorad em va tajribae dorad qadim, kase uro biyorad, to alase farmoyad.

CHun uro ovardaand, chube giriftu lattavu dastmoni charbi bar on pechida, otash dardoda alilaro (bemorro) chodire dar sar andokhta, dar joe nishonda, otashro dar girdi sarash charkh gardonda, khondan ogoz kard, ki:

Alas, alas, alas,alas!

Kulli balolardan khalas,

CHullarga bor, kullarga bor!

CHand bor bar u damidu kafi obe bar rukhsoraash poshid. Fursate hanuz narafta, ki kelinbikka chashm kushoda ba hol omad va mutarannimi in maqol gardid:

Ay ochajon, bar nafasi pokat ofarin,

Bar khishtaki ezori dusad chokat ofarin.

CHugizanoni shahru mazangoni bodiya Dorand bar fatonatu idrokat ofarin. Bo in hama nahifiyu58 barjoymondagi Bar dasti chustu bozui cholokat ofarin…»

Hikoyati mazkur ba nodonii khususan zanoni on ruzgor bakhshida shudaast, ki chunin raftori onho bovari ba din neyu balki badnomkunii din ast. Inho toifai zanonu bonuvoni oddi nabuda, ashrofzodagonand. Onho dar kamaqliyu etiqod ba khurofot hajv karda meshavand. Az in ru, sheri hajviro Savdo az zaboni hamon «kelinchaki bemorshuda» meorad, ki ba riyoi zani alaskunanda dakhl dorad.

YAk khususiyati nihoyat jolibi digari ejodiyoti mutoibavii manzumu mansuri Abdulqodirkhojai Savdo boz dar on ast, ki u tarkibi lugavii khele ajoib dorad. Istifodai kalimahovu iborahoi khalqi-guftugui, ezor, khishtak, damu nafas, alas, dugona, bebayona, dastmol va gayra. Inchunin Savdo baze kalimahoro khud mesozad, kashf mekunad, ki onho ba qoidahoi sarfu nahv chandon itoat namekunand. Masalan: sikhi khala (chubchae, ki markabro bo on idora mekunand), ishqidan (oshiq shudan), meoh (oh guftan), palavidan (osh khurdan), chiko (chi kor), tugri (rost), firebidan (fireb dodan), chalidan (mutobiq shudan) va gayra. YAne u ismhoro hamchun fel ba kor burdaast va in tarzi korburd dar zaboni adabi nest.

Boyad guft, ki dar tarikhi adabiyoti tojik, agar chuqurtar andesha shavad, odditarin adib ham mavqe dorad, zero anana dar in adabiyot, ki nihoyat qavist, pas andak adib ham, dar zaminai on davii tozajui mekunad.

Az in nuqtai nazar, Savdo niz dar tarikhi adabiyot maqomi khudro dorad. U yake az on shakhsonest, ki sabki bediliro qadre ham boshad, zaminahoi voqei bakhshid. Dar rushdi adabiyot, istiqboli sunnat sahm girift. Ba adabiyoti davr, muosiron va adabiyoti minbadai tojik andake boshad ham tasir guzosht va mavqei khudro yoft.

Savol va suporishho:

  1. Ovoni javoni va ilmomuzii AbDulqoDirkhojai SavDo chi guna guzashtaast?
  2. Az muosironi SavDo Doir ba ruzgoru faoliyati u kaDom tazkiranigor beshtar malumot dodaast?
  3. SavDo Dar kaDom mavriDho takhallushoi «SavDo» va «Bepul»-ro ba kor burdaast?
  4. Savdo Dar Darbori kiho khiDmat namuDaast?
  5. Poyoni umri Savdo chi guna guzashtaast?
  6. Merosi aDabii SavDo az chiho iborat ast?
  7. Ashori ginoii SavDo kaDom mavzuhoro darbar megird?
  8. SavDo az shoironi gazalsaroi guzashta ba kiho payravi karDaast?
  9. Hususiyathoi farhkunanDai gazaliyoti SavDoro sharh DiheD.
  10. Hususiyathoi hajvii ashori SavDoro bayon kuneD.
  11. Sahmi SavDo Dar tashakkulu tahavvuli nasri baDei az chi iborat ast?
  12. Hususiyathoi nasri baDeii aDibro sharh DiheD.
  13. Tasiri ejoDiyoti SavDo ba muosiron va aDabiyoti minbaDaro naql kuned.
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