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Amoli pas az marg

Bad az berun shudani ruh az badan hamai azoi mayit durust karda shavad va chashmonash bo molidani angusht basta va bo porai lattae az zeri manah burda bar boloi sarah gireh zanand, to dahonash boz namonad. Va har du angushtoni buzurgi poyhoyashro ba hamdigar bibandand va andomhoyashro ba daroz kashida shavad. Ba shikamash shamsher yo ohane guzoshta shavad, vale bar shikamash Quroni Karim guzoshta nashavad. Va chodare bar boloi mayit kashida, dar fikri guslu kafan kardani u shavand. Va dar vaqti bastani dahonu digar azoi mayit in duoro bikhonand: «Bismillohi va alo millati rasulilloh».

marg-islom

Bad az murdan khonae, ki dar on mayit boshad, bo mushku digar khushbuiho khushbuy karda shavad. Liboshoyash badal karda shavad. Nokhunhoi murda va hej muyi vay girifta nashavad. Rishi murdaro taroshidan va rang kardan gunohi sakht ast. Dandonhoi sunii mayit az dahoni mayit berun karda shavad, agar biduni haraj[1] berun karda shavad. Va zanoni hoizavu nufaso va digar ashkhose, ki ehtiyoj bar gusl dorand, dar nazdi mayit nanishinand.

Ubaydulloh ibni Abumalika (raz) guyad: YAke az dukhtarhoi Usmon (raz) dar Makka favt kard. Mo ham omadem, to dar marosimi favtash shirkat kunem. Ibni Umar (raz) va Ibni Abbos (raz) ham huzur doshtand va man ham dar bayni eshon nishasta budam. (yo guft[2]: Man dar kanori yake az on du nishasta budam, badan duvvumi omad va dar kanori man nishast). Abdulloh ibni Umar (raz) ba Amr pisari Hazrati Usmon (raz) guft:

  • CHaro zanu bachahoro az girya man namekuni? Ba haqiqat Paygambar (s) farmud, ki: «Murda ba khotiri giryai nazdikonash dar azob khohad bud».

Ibni Abbos (raz) guft:

  • Umar (raz) ham inro rivoyat mekard.

Sipas Ibni Abbos (raz) guft:

  • Bad az marosimi haj bo Umar (raz) az Makka ba Madina murojiat kardem. Vaqte ki ba Baydo[3] rasidem, qofilaero didem, ki dar soyai darakhti buzurgi samura istirohat mekardand. Umar (raz) guft:
  • Biravu bibin chi kasone hastand.

Raftam, didam, ki Suhayb ibni Sinon ast, ba Umar (raz) khabar dodam. Guft:

  • Birav, uro biyovar.

Raftamu ba u guftam:

  • Biyo, bo amiralmuminin hamroh bosh.

Omad va to Madina bo u bud. Vaqte ba joni Umar (raz) suiqasd shud, Suhayb girya mekardu meguft: «Ey voy, barodaram. Ey voy, rafiqamro kushtand». Umar (raz) guft:

  • Ey Suhayb, bar man girya mekuni? Dar hole ki Paygambar (s) farmud: «Murda ba khotiri miqdore az giryai nazdikonash baroi u dar azob meboshad».

Ibni Abbos (raz) guft: Vaqte Umar (raz) darguzasht, in mavzuro baroi Oisha (raz) bozgu kardam. Oisha (raz) guft:

  • Hudo Umar (raz)-ro biyomurzad, qasam ba Hudo, Rasululloh (s) inro nagufta, ki: «Insoni mumin ba khotiri giryai nazdikonash azob doda meshavad». Ammo Rasuli Hudo (s) farmud: «Hudovand azobi kofirro ba khotiri giryai nazdikonash baroi u beshtar menamoyad».[4]

Va Oisha (raz) guft:

  • Dar in mavrid Quron baroi shumo kofist, ki mefarmoyad: «Hej nafse ba gunohi nafsi digare mavridi muokhaza va savol qaror namegirad».

On goh Ibni Abbos (raz) guft:

  • Hudost, ki insonro ba khandavu girya darmeovarad. (YAne, khandavu girya dar ikhtiyori inson nest. Va in guftai Ibni Abbos (raz) tayidi guftai Hazrati Oisha (raz) meboshad).

Ibni Abumalika guft: Valloh, vaqte ki Ibni Abbos (raz) guft: «Tanho Hudost, ki insonro ba khandavu girya darmeovarad». Ibni Umar (raz) dar javobash chize naguft.[5]

Rasuli akram (s) mefarmoyad: «Hudovand az bandai mumini khud zamone, ki aziztarini dustoni zaminashro az dast medihad va dar barobari on sabru shikeboi az khud nishon dihad, ba hej podoshu jazoe rozi nameshavad, ki ba u bidihad, juz in ki bihishtro ba u ato farmoyad».[6]

Mygira (raz) guyad: Az Paygambar (s) shunidam, ki farmud: «Kase, ki baroyash navha va giryavu zori shavad, ba vasilai in amali khilof norohat meboshad».[7]

Lozimi tavzeh ast, ba zohir dar bayni ahodise, ki az Umar (raz) va Ibni Umar (raz) rivoyat shuda, bo ahodise, ki az Ibni Abbos (raz) va Hazrati Oisha (raz) rivoyat gardidaast, ikhtilofe mavjud ast. Va jumhuri ulamo baroi rafi in ikhtilof meguyand: Manzur az hadisi Hazrati Umar (raz) va pisarash Abdulloh (raz) in ast, kasone, ki dar holi hayoti khud khonavodaashonro ba giryavu zori va navha baroi favti ashkhos odat medihand va onhoro az in amol man namekunand yo monandi odati araboni johiliyat ba onon tavsiya mekunand, ki pas az margashon khonavodai onon marosimi giryavu navharo baroyashon barpo sozand, chunin ashkhos, vaqte ki bimirand, ba sababi giryai nazdikonashon, ki khudashon dar zamoni hayot dar on dakholat doshtaand, azob doda meshavand.

Va Qozi Iyoz dar tavjehi[8] rafi in ikhtilof meguyad: Manzur az jumlai «azob karda meshavad bo giryai ahlash» dar hadisi Umar (raz) va Ibni Umar (raz) in ast, ki murda az giryai onho khushnud nest, chun medonad in girya ba khotiri dilbastagii onon ba dunyo meboshad. Va manzur az jumlai favq on nest, ki murda ba khotiri giryai nazdikonash azob doda meshavad, to in etiroz pesh oyad, ki kase ba khotiri gunohi digare azob doda nameshavad.[9]

Elon kardani murda ravost, to haqqi vay ado shavad. Dar masjid elon kardani janoza joiz ast, zero ki Paygambar (s) eloni podshohi Najjoshi va shuhadoi jangi Mavtoro ba masjid karda bud. Ba firoqi murda anduhgin shudani dil, ashk rekhtani chashmon va kalimoti durust guftan joiz ast, vale har chi navha kashidan va kalimoti johiliyat guftan, libos pora kardan va cap taroshidan ravo nest. Az baroi zanho ba taziyat nishastan man ast. Dar vaqti hozir budani murda halvo pukhtan bidat ast.

Usoma ibni Zayd (raz) guyad: Dukhtare az dukhtarhoi Paygambar (s) kasero peshi Paygambar (s) firistod, ki yake az pisarhoyash dar holi marg ast, ba nazdi mo biyoyad. Paygambar (s) ba firistodai dukhtarash guft:

  • Bargard va ba u salom birason va bigu: «On chi, ki Hudo mekhohad az mo bigirad, az oni Ust, har chi dorem mulki Ust va_baroi muddati muayyanest. Margu zindagi hardu ba amri Ust. Pas boyad ba manzuri nayl[10] ba podoshu savobi Parvardgor sabru shikeboi nishon dihad va in burdboriro az raftoru amoli soleh ba hisob ovarad».

Dukhtarash mujaddadan kasero peshi Paygambar (s) firistod va qasam khurd, ki hatman boyad Paygambar (s) ba nazdi u biravad. Paygambar (s) baland shud va Sad ibni Uboda va Muoz ibni Jabal va Ubayya ibni Kab va Zayd ibni Sobit va chand nafari digar bo u ba nazdi dukhtarash raftand. Bacharo bardoshtand va ba Paygambar (s) dodand dar hole ki nafasi bacha ba shiddat muztarib bud va ba monandi mashki ob takkon mekhurd va sado medod. Ashk az chashmoni Paygambar (s) jori shud. Sad guft:

  • Ey Rasuli Hudo (s), in ashk chist?

Farmud:

  • In rahmatest, ki Hudovand onro dar dili bandagonash qaror dodaast. Hudovand tanho bandagoni borahmu mehrubonashro mavridi mehru rahmat qaror medihad.[11]

[1] Biduni haraj – ba osoni.

[2] In jo shakki rovii hadis ast.

[3] Mahallest dar bayni Makkavu Madina.

[4] Surai Anom, oyati 164. Va hamchunin dar surahoi Isro, oyati 15, Fotir, oyati 18 va Zumar, oyati 7 omadaast.

[5] «Al-luluu va-l-marjon». Jildi avval. Sah. 389.

[6] In hadisro Imom Nasoi az Abdulloh ibni Amr ibni Os rivoyat kardaast. «Mukhtoru-l-ahodis». Sah. 184.

[7] «Al-luluu va-l-marjon». Jildi avval. Sah. 392.

[8] Tavjeh – matlabero khub tavzeh dodan va nek bayon kardan.

[9] «Al-luluu va-l-marjon». Jildi avval. Sah. 392.

[10] Nayl – rasidan.

[11] «Al-luluu va-l-marjon». Jildi avval. Sah. 358.

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