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AUTOALLERGIYA

gautoallergyAUTOALLERGIYA (az yun. autos – khud va allergiya), osebe, ki binobar ba boftahoi khudi organizm tasir rasondani sistemai immuni (masuni) ba vujud meoyad. Dar sharoiti mutadil nisbati safedaho va hujayrahoi boftahoi khudi tobovarii immunologi mavjud ast. On holatest, ki sistemai immuni ba safedayu hujayraho tasir namerasonad. Dar asnoi baze bemoriho safedayu boftahoi organizm ba autoallergen tabdil yofta, boisi hosil shudani podtan (autoantitela)-ho va limfosithoi hassos megardand va hamin tavr, A. ba vujud meoyad.
Du rohi inkishofi A. mavjud ast. Rohi yakum: faoliyati sistemai immuni mutadil ast, vale dar organizm autoallergen paydo meshavad, ki sistemai immuni nisbati on hassosiyat zohir menamoyad. Safedaho va hujayrahoi boftahoi khudi organizm, ki zeri tasiri doruho va mahsuli mikrobu virusho khosiyathoi antigenii kheshro digargun mesozand, ba autoallergen tabdil meyoband. In guna tagyirot metavonad dar natijai bemorihoi iltihobi, nekroz, gipoksiya va g. rukh namoyad. Hangomi in az uzvhoi osebyofta moddahoe khorij meshavand, ki nisbati onho dar organizm tobovarii immunologi vujud nadorad (safedai asosii mielin, autoallergenhoi shabakiyai chashm, gadudi siparshakl va g.). Rohi duyumi inkishofi A. ba ikhtiloli faoliyati sistemai immuni vobasta ast; dar mavridi in safedaho va hujayrahoi boftahoi khudi organizm tagyir nameyoband. Sistemai immuni qobiliyati az «begona» farq kardani «khudi»-ro gum mekunad, safedahoi khudro safedahoi «begona» mepindorad va ba onho chun autoallergenho tasir menamoyad.
Muolijai A. ba raf namudani sababhoi on nigaronida shudaast. Bo maqsadi peshgirii A. doruhoro faqat muvofiqi tainoti dukhtur istifoda burdan lozim ast.

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