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ATSIDOZ

4ba82e0addf0afbac4f0311a6607057fATSIDOZ (Acigosis; az lot. acidus – tursh), serturshi, khunukmizoji, holati bemoriest, ki dar natijai ikhtiloli muvozinati turshiyu ishqor va dar khunu boftaho barziyod zakhira shudani anioni kislotaho rukh menamoyad. A. talofipazir va talofinopazir meshavad. Hangomi A.-i talofipazir anionhoi kislotaho chandon ziyod nameshavand. Nishondihandai gidrogeni (pH) az haddi etidol (7,35 – 7,45) past namefaroyad. Dar mavridi A.-i talofinopazir anionho ziyod shuda, pH-ro khele past mefarorand. Az jihati paydoish A. mubodilavi, nafasi, fiziologi va g. meshavad. A.-i mubodilavi dar natijai dar organizm barziyod jam shudani anionhoi kislotahoi tabkhirnashavanda yo talaf yoftani kationhoi ishqorho (mas., dar vaqti kasalii qand, gurusnagi, kampeshobi, darunravi, tab) ba vujud meoyad. A.-i nafasi dar mavridi bo nafas kam khorij shudani kislotai karbonat (mas., dar vaqti varam va gazaki shush, pajmurda shudani shush, falaji bachagon, zahroludi az doruhoi narkozi va g.) rukh menamoyad. A.-i fiziologi khosi navzodho buda, az lahzahoi avvali tavallud malum megardad. Alomathoi A.: khoboludi, garangi, igmo, nafasgirii nomutadil, nomurattabii kori dil, ragho, gurda va g.
A.-i mutadil va jubronshavanda, odatan, biduni yagon alomatu nishona jarayon meyobad. Onro faqat dar mavridi tadqiqi khun va tarkibi peshob muqarrar kardan mumkin ast. YAke az alomathoi nakhustini amiq gashtani A. tez shudani nafaskashi meboshad, ki minbad ba damkutahi ovarda merasonad. A. boisi afzudani miqdori katekholaminho dar khun meshavad. Az in ru dar mavridi khuruji on faoliyati dil purzur, nabz tez, fishori khun baland megardad. Bo maqsadi muolijai A. sababhoi onro raf sokhtan lozim ast (mas., istifodai insulin hangomi kasalii qand).

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