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ATSETILEN

50ATSETILEN, karbogidridi behad (noser), gazi berang, bui pasti efiri dorad; haror. gud –81,8°S, haror. jush. –83,8°S. A.-ro avvalin shuda E. Devi (1836) dar natijai tasiri ob ba karbidi kaliy kashf kardaast. S-hoi 1859 – 1860 Bertlo hangomi az naychai tafson guzaronidani moddahoi gunogun (etilen, spirthoi metil va etil, efir) onro az nav kashf namud.
A. bo alangai ravshan va dud mesuzad. Omekhtai A. bo havo moddai tarkanda ast. Sababi asosii ba tabadduloti khimiyavi duchor shudani A. karbogidridi behad budani on ast. A. ashyoi muhimi tekhniki buda, dar sohahoi gunoguni sanoat va khojagii khalq ba kor meravad. On dar kafsheri avtogenii metallho, hosil kardani aldegid, angidrid va kislotai atsetat, atseton, spirt, butadien, kauchuki sintezi, zift va bisyor mahsuloti muhimi tekhnikii dig. istifoda meshavad.
Nishonahoi zahroludi az A.: ba hayajon omadan, tashannuji mushakho, falaji, ki goho bo marg meanjomad. Hangomi zahroludi az A. ba jabrdida nafasi suni dodan lozim ast; hamchunin metavon oksigenro bo omekhtai 3 – 5% gazi karbonat ingalyatsiya namud. Garm kardani jabrdida va tazriqi dokhilivaridii glyukoza niz muhim ast.
Bahri jilavgirii zahroludi az A. rioyai qoidahoi bekhatarii mehnat hatmist.
SH. Samiev.

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