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ATELEKTAZI SHUSH

atelectazATELEKTAZI SHUSH (az yun. ateles – nopurra, challa va ektasis – yozondan), bemorii shush, ki binobar narasidani havo alveolaho puch megardand. Sababi A. sh. rust shudani bronkh yo fishor yoftani shush ast. Vobasta ba sabab va tarzi inkishof A. sh. modarzodi va gayrimodarzodi meshavad. A. sh.-i modarzodi khosi navzodho buda, dar natijai aspiratsiyai obi hamrohak yo khun ba vujud meoyad. Sababi A. sh.-i gayrimodarzodi, odatan, dar natijai bo jismhoi begona, balgami chaspak, khun, mavodi qay, omos va g. rust shudani bronkhho meboshad.
Dar mavzei illati iltihob – pnevmoniyai atelektazi ba vujud omada, faoliyati havogirii on sust meshavad. Agar atelektaz shadid va dar muddati kutoh rukh namoyad, bronkhho bo luobi gafsu toza pur meshavand. Dar chunin mavridho badi raf sokhtani sababhoi illat boftahoi shush metavonand az digar ba faoliyat pardozand.
Muolijai A. sh. dar bemorkhona surat megirad. Bo maqsadi barqaror sokhtani qobiliyati guzaronandagii bronkhho az bronkhoskopiya istifoda mekunand. Dar mavridi sabuk budani ravandi illat balgam va khunro ba vositai kateter metavon berun ovard (onro ba bronkh az rohi bini yo dahon vorid mesozand).
Peshgirii A. sh. khususan badi az sar guzaronidani amaliyoti jarrohi zarur ast. Bemor boyad chuqur nafas kashad; ba u fahmondan lozim ast, ki baroi ozod budani rohi nafas surfida istad.

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