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ATAKSIYA

koordinaciyaATAKSIYA (az a – hissachai inkori va yun. taxis – somon, tartib), khalal yoftani sozgoriyu nizomi harakat; ba hamdigar muvofiqat nakardani faoliyati mushakho. Baroi durust harakat kardan va muvozinati jism faoliyati mushtaraki mushakho zarur ast. Junba (impuls)-hoe, ki az mushakho, ragu pay va bandu bugum meoyand, tavassuti harommagz ba mayna intiqol meyoband. Bahri harakati borabt khususan junbahoe, ki az kanalhoi gushi daruni meoyand, khele muhimand. Hangomi ikhtiloli yake az qismathoi on A. sar mezanad. A. statiki (nosozii muvozinat dar vazi rost istodan) va dinamiki (nojurii harakatho) meshavad. Hangomi A. harakati badan nosareh va berobita megardad. A. chor nav meshavad: sensitivi (tahsisi), peshonavi, maynachavi va labirinti. A.-i sensitivi hangomi nojurii silsilai asabhoi kanori ba amal meoyad. Alomati on nodurust roh raftan ast. Bemor poyhoyashro vase guzoshta, kalon-kalon qadam meguzorad, bo zuri poy menihad. A.-i peshonavi dar natijai ikhtiloli faoliyati rohhoi peshonayu maynacha mushohida meshavad. Dar mavridi A.-i maynachavi andozai harakati zaruri vayron shuda, az etidol mebaroyad (gipermetriya), ijroi harakathoi tezi paydarpay (mas., tez-tez chappavu rosta kardani kafi dast) nomumkin megardad. Bemor poyhoyashro vase guzoshta, kalavida-kalavida roh meravad, azoi badan kashish khurda melarzad, chashmho beikhtiyor parida meistand, nutq vayron shuda, sust va kanda-kanda harf mezanad. Dar mavridi A.-i labirinti sarcharkhi, nomurattabii muvozinati badan va g. ba nazar merasad.
Bo maqsadi tabobati A. bemorii asosiero, ki sababgori on shudaast, darmon kardan lozim. Dar in mavrid ahamiyati varzishi shifoi niz kam nest.

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