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ASSENIZATSIYA

assenizaciaASSENIZATSIYA (Assanatio; az fransavii assainissement – toza kardan), gun ovardanu bezarar gardondani najosat dar mahalhoe, ki quburi gandob (kanalizatsiya) nadorand. A. tahti nazorati idorahoi khojagii kommunali meboshad. Baroi jamovarii najosat az chohi khalojo va baroi gandobho az chohe, ki dar rui havli kanda shudaast, istifoda mebarand (onhoro mohe du bor toza mekunand). Najosati moero bo naqiliyoti makhsus mekashonand. Sistemai A. bo avtosisternahoe, ki nasoshoi vakuumi dorand, jihozonida shudaast. Naqiliyoti A.-ro baroi digar korho istifoda burdan qatiyan man meboshad.
Najosatro beshtar dar qitahoi makhsus shudgorshuda bezarar mekunand. Dar khoki in guna maydon najosat nafaqat bezarar megardad, balki rastanihoi kishtzor moddahoi organikii onro jabbida megirand. Dar tobiston badi 1 – 1,5 moh ba 10 m2 sathi zamin 1m3 najosat andokhtan mumkin ast. Sathi zamine, ki baroi bezarar gardondani najosat judo mekunand, ba miqdori aholi vobasta ast (baroi 1000 naf. 0,6 ga zamin). Maydoni A.-ro kabudizor mekunand, dar on qubur mekhobonand yo chohe mekoband, ki obashro giriftan mumkin boshad; baroi shustanu bezarar gardondani naqiliyoti A. maydonchai makhsus mesozand.
Muvofiqi qoidahoi behdoshti sanitari maydoni A. chunin istifoda meshavad: soli yakum – najosat andokhtan; soli duyum – kishtani alafhoi khuroki chorvo; soli seyum – parvarishi lablabui qand (baroi chorvo), soli chorum – parvarishi kartoshka. Dar maydoni A. parvarishi pomidor, bodring, shalgamcha, kohu va sabzavote, ki taru toza mekhurand, man ast.
Dar shahrhoi kalon inshoothoi nisbatan murakkabi A. bunyod megardand, ki dar onho najosatro ba tavri mekhaniki, fizikiyu khimiyavi va biologi toza mekunand.

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