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ASPIRATSIYA

servo_navaASPIRATSIYA (az lot. aspiratio – nafaskashi), 1) ba vositai asbobu uskunaho berun kashidani moe yo havoe, ki dar natijai bemorihoi gunogun dar javfi badan, bandu bugum, rimkhona gun shudaast. 2) Hangomi nafasgiri ba rohi nafas aftodani jismhoi begona, zarrahoi gizo, khun, dandonhoi suni va g.; dar mavridi behush budani bemor yo ikhtiloli qobiliyati furubari ba vuqu mepayvandad. Oqibati A. ba gilzati moddahoi ba rohi nafas aftoda va chuqurii joygirii onho vobasta ast. A.-i moe va jismhoi begonai kalon binobar nafasgir kardanashon boisi favti odam megardand. Hangomi ba rohi nafas aftodani massahoi nisbatan kam onho tavassuti balgam khorij karda meshavand. Dar baze mavridhoi digar imkon dorad, ki onho bemorihoi iltihobii gunogun, mas., laringotrakheitho, bronkhitho, bronkhiolitho, pnevmoniya va g.-ro ba vujud orand.
A. khususan dar kudakon beshtar rukh menamoyad. On metavonad hangomi dar batni modar budani kudak, dar vaqti tavallud (az luobi bachadon va mahbal), hamchunin baze bemorihoi modar ba vuqu payvandad. Dar kudakoni navzod dar asnoi shirmaki, qay, surfa va girya kardan niz ba mushohida merasad. Az rohi nafas jismhoi begonai nisbatan kalonro bo usuli bronkhoskopiya berun meorand.

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