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ASEPTIKA

911330ASEPTIKA (az a – hissachai inkori va yun. septikos – maddanok), tadbirhoi peshgirii ba jarohat vorid shudani mikrobhoi kasaliovar. Buqrot, Ibni Sino, Rozi va dig. usulhoi bezarargardonii jarohatro bo sirko, may, skipidar, ravgani jushon, ohak, namakhoi mis, ohani tafson, marham va g. vase istifoda burdaand. Avvalin marotiba A.-ro jarrohi nemis E. Bergman (1836 – 1907) kor karda baromadaast. Dar amaliyai hozirai jarrohi bezarar namudani zakhmro asosan bo usulhoi fiziki (bo harorati baland, avtoklavoni va bo nuri ultrabunafsh) ba jo meorand. Baroi on ki jarohat az asbobhoi jarrohi, havo va g. mikrobnok nashavad, onhoro bo usulhoi zikrgardida va doruhoi makhsus sterilizatsiya mekunand. A. usuli muhimtarini peshgirii siroyat dar amaliyoti jarrohii muosir meboshad. A.-ro hatto dar on mavridhoe niz amali megardonand, ki siroyat ba boftaho kora karda boshad. Qoidahoi A. chi dar mavridi jarrohii «fasodi» va chi dar asnoi jarrohii «toza» boyad qati rioya karda shavand. Sarfi nazar namudani onho hatto dar mavridi jarrohii «toza» niz boisi fasod paydo kardani joyi jarrohi megardad.
Bo usuli Alfeld jarroh dastonashro bo obi garmu sobun va chutka 5 daqiqagi 2 marotiba meshuyad, khushk karda pok mekunad, 5 daqiqa spirti 96° memolad, bad dastpushaki rezinii tamyizshudaro mepushad. Felan dar jumhurii mo beshtar usuli aseptikii S.I. Spasokukotskiy va N.G. Kochergin istifoda meshavand: jarroh dastashro bo doka yo pakhtae, ki dar tos ba mahluli 0,5-foizai ammiak guzoshta shudaast, 3 daqiqagi 2 marotiba shusta khushk mekunad va bad spirt memolad. Joi jarrohiro bo spirt pok karda, 2 marotiba mahluli 5 – 10-foizai yod memoland. Baroi mikrobnok nashudani havoi khonai jarrohi va bandinaguzori jarroh va hamshirahoi tibbii yordamchi dahonu biniashonro bo doka mebandand. Nig. niz Antiseptika.

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