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ASALRISHQA

melilotus-officinalis2ASALRISHQA (Melilotus officinalis), govrishqa, zardbeda, zarrishqa, kharbeda, giyohest yak yo dusola. Az 30 to 200 sm qad mekashad. Poyai rosti sershokhcha, bargi seshokhai darozruya yo bayzashakl, guli zard, tukhmi girda yo mudavvari dorchini yo zardi sabztob dorad. May – iyun gul karda, iyul – avg. tukhm mebandad. Dar gulzorho, sohili daryoho, kanori juyho, kishtzori yunuchqa, gandum, jav, pakhtazor va bogho meruyad. Dar mavzehoi q-kuhhoi Qurama, Turkiston, Zarafshon, Hisoru Darvoz, mavzehoi Sirdaryo, Tojikistoni Janubiyu SHarqi va Pomiri Garbi (dar balandii 550 – 2600 m az s.b.) duchor meoyad. A.-ro dar davrai gulshukuft megundorand.
SHifobakhshii A.-ro Disquridus (Dioskorid), Teofrast, Jolinus, Zakariyoi Rozi, Aburayhoni Beruni, Abualii Sino va digaron qayd kardaand. Muvofiqi malumoti Disquridus behtarin A. hamon ast, ki rangi zafaroni va buyi nisbatan tez dorad. Abualii Sino bo jushobi poyavu bargi A. bemorihoi zanonaro tabobat menamud. Marhami A.-ro ba sar mebandand (sardardro taskin mebakhshad).
Dar tibbi khalqi jushobi bargu poyai A.-ro hangomi bemorii rohhoi nafas va shush (chun davoi balgamovar) istemol mekunand. Onro hangomi sardard va chun davoi taskinbakhshu khobovar, bodron (yakchumchagi 2 – 3 marotiba dar yak ruz), peshobron tavsiya medihand; marhamashro ba zakhm, niqris va tarbod mebandand. Naqei «alafi» A. hangomi tablarza, illathoi medavu ruda, bodkhura naf dorad. CHoyi guli A.-ro bo maska yo ravgani zard omekhta baroi tabobati jarohatho istemol menamoyand, hangomi shamol khurdan ba badan memoland.
Ad.: Hodjimatov M., Dikorastushie lekarstvennie rasteniya Tadjikistana, D., 1989.

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