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ARZAN

panicum-miliaceum-in-ahaines-aARZAN (Panicum milliaceum) govars, govarsa, rastaniest galladona. Poyaash rosti shokharonda, to 1,5 m qad mekashad. Bargash darozi nugtez, pashmakdor. Hushagulash pareshon yo guncha. Donash khurd, rangash safed, zard, noranji, surkh, khokistarrang yo siyoh. Mohhoi iyun – avg. gul mekunad.
A. az ziroathoi qadimist; onro hanuz 4 – 5 haz. sol pesh az m. kisht mekardand. Vatani A.-i mazruro Hitoy va Muguliston takhmin mekunand. A. ziroati pisandidai qabilahoi skifu sarmat va sugdu bokhtariho mahsub meshud.
A. yake az muhimtarin ziroati galladona meboshad. Dar tarkibi sukash 63% angishtob, 12% safeda, 3 – 4% ravgan, 1% kletchatka, 2 – 2,5% khokistar, moddahoi minerali, vitamini V1 va namakhoi kaliy, natriy, kalsiy, magniy, fosfor va g. mavjud ast. Az ordi A. taomhoi khushlazzat va non tayyor mekunand. SHavlai suk sergizo va zudhazm buda, baroi bemoroni dardi dil, fishori khun, ateroskleroz, qabziyat va g. parhezonai khub ast.
Tabiboni khalqii ukraini hangomi zukom buy kashidani dudi A.-ro mufid meshumorand. Bino ba aqidai tabiboni tojik A. ba meda taqviyat mebakhshad, khalai rudaro bartaraf menamoyad. Onho A.-ro garm karda ba omosi ruy va dar mavridi dardi dandon ba jog meguzoshtand. A.-e, ki dar shir pukhta shudaast, hangomi churra naf dorad.
Dar sarchashmahoi qadimi omada, ki agar suki A.-ro pukhta bikhurand, pechishhoi rohi nafasro mekushoyad, ba bemorii nazla davo meshavad. Istemoli noni A. isholro mebandad, peshobro meronad, bacharo az shikami zani homila meaftonad. Suki A.-ro bo shiri navjushida pukhta bo ravganho bikhurand, galayoni khunro taskin mebakhshad. Agar badi ba suk gardondani A. yak sol guzashta boshad, istemoli on joiz nest.

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