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ARTRIT

6-54ARTRIT (Arthritis; az yun. arthron – band, bugum, mafsil), gazaki bandu bugum, bemoriest, ki az iltihobi bandu bugum sar meshavad. A. oqibati bemorihoi siroyatii sil, suzok, brutsellyoz, domana, isholi khunin, angina va g., hamchunin zarbu lati bandho va manbai siroyati muzmini mikrobho (hangomi gazaki bodomak, dardi gush, illati uzvhoi nafas, illati dandonho va g.) ast. Siroyati tulonii mikrobhoi kasaliangez dar paydoishi bemorihoi muzmini bandho mavqei muhim doshta, boisi inkishofi allergiya megardad. Zahroludi, khunuk khurdan, sust shudani qobiliyati muhofizatii organizm niz ba paydoishi A. musoidat mekunand.
Dardi bandho, ki hangomi harakat shiddat megirad va hissi karakhti (makhsusan dar surati tuloni jarayon giriftani bemori) alomathoi asosii A. meboshand. Aksar vaqt varam, tagyiri shakl va tarhi band (az sababi jam shudani moei gazak dar javfi band) mushohida shuda, pusti joi illati surkh megardad. Hangomi A. beholi va varaja ba amal meoyad. Dar surati sarivaqt va durust tabobat kardan (az rui tainoti dukhtur), ki on istifodai doruhoi pursamar, varzishi shifoi va mashro faro megirad, bemor shifo meyobad. Dar asnoi kuhna gashtani illat, bemori muzmin va boisi badshaklii bandu kamharakatii onho megardad. Ba varzishi shifoi va mash favran badi nest shudani zuhuri shadidi bemori shuru boyad kard. Dar avval mashqhoi oddiro ijro karda, tadrijan onhoro murakkab megardonand. Bo in maqsad majmui mashqhoi makhsusro daryoftaand. Ba bemorone, ki giriftori A.-i muzminandu faoliyati bandhoyashon khalal yoftaast, varzishi shifoi (harakat)-i muttasil zarur meboshad. Az sababi barziyodii vazni bemor tabobati bandhoi osebdidai sutunmuhra, kos va poy dushvoriho pesh meorad. Mahlul va marhamhoe, ki ba bandho memoland, chun vositai musakin istifoda meshavand. Baroi mash faqat doruhoi tainkardai dukhturro istifoda boyad burd, chunki vositahoi khonagi beshtar az angezandahoi khimiyavi iborat buda, aksar vaqt jarayoni gazaki bandro metezonand va boisi sukhtani pust megardand. Tabobat dar osoishgoh tanho dar davrai khuruj nadoshtani gazak va bo tainoti dukhtur tavsiya meshavad.
Baroi peshgirii A. sarivaqt tabobat kardani bemorihoi siroyati, muntazam toza nigoh doshtani javfi dahon (nig. Dahon) zarur ast. Hudro az obbozi dar obi khunuk, khunuk khurdan, yakbora tagyir yoftani obu havo ehtiyot kardan lozim ast. Obutobi organizm, tarbiyai jismoni, inchunin behtar kardani sharoiti zindagiyu mehnat ahamiyati kalon dorad.
Bo maqsadi muolijai A. qabl az hama sababhoi asosii bemoriro bartaraf sokhtan lozim ast; istifodai antibiotikho, gormonho, doruhoi rafi dard va ziddi iltihob, goho jarrohi, niz dar nazar doshta meshavad.
U. Rasulov.

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