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ARTRITI TARBODMONAND

ds00020_im02689_r7_rheumatoidarthritisthu_jpgARTRITI TARBODMONAND (Rheumatoid arthritis), bemorii boftahoi payvandist, ki bo osebi bugumho padid meoyad. Sababi A. t. to hol malum nest. Baze malumothoi takhmini dalolat bar on mekunand, ki A. t. tabiati siroyati dorad (mas., ziyod shudani leykosithoi khun, afzudani surati tahshini eritrositho – SOE va g.). A. t. boisi mayubi (dar 70% bemoron) megardad. Sababi asosi favti marizon dar mavridi bemori nuqsi gurdaho ast.
A. t. se davraro darbar megirad. Dar davrai avval khaltachahoi zuloli (sinovali) varam karda, dardmand meshavand. Dar davrai duyum binobar taqsim shudani hujayraho pardai zuloli gafs va sakht megardad. Dar davrai seyum hujayrahoi illati ferment ikhroj mekunand, ki on ba ustukhon va tagoyakho zarar rasonda, boisi kaj va beharakat gashtani bandho meshavad.
A. t. dar ogoz ohista jarayon megirad. Nishonahoi on ba poliartrit va oligoartrit monand meboshand. Bandu bugumho bar asari tagyiri obu havo ba dard medaroyand. A. t. aksar vaqt yakjoya bo digar bemoriho – osteoartroz, tarbod, amrozi boftahoi payvandi va g. paydo meshavad. A. t. metavonad dar hama bandho ba mushohida rasad, vale bisyor vaqt dar bugumhoi angushton va bandi dast padid meoyad. Osebi bandho, odatan, ba tavri simmetri surat megirad, yane agar bandi dasti rost zarar binad, pas hamon bandi dasti chap niz illat meyobad.
Alomathoi A. t. gunogun meboshand, mas., khastagi, subhidam karakht shudani bandu bugumho, sustiyu beholi, paydo shudani dard hangomi bisyor nishastan, khuruj yoftanu khomush shudani nishonahoi marizi, dard kardani mushakho, beishtihoi, khiratabi, kharob shudan, kamkhuni, khunuk budani kafi daston va g.
Bo maqsadi tabobati A. t. az doruhoi rafi iltihob istifoda mebarand. Usulhoi tabobati fizioterapevti, garmishifoi (parafin, ozokerit), elektroforez, muolija dar sanatoriyaho niz korbast meshavand.
U. Rasulov.

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