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ARROFi

medicina-magico-religiosa-impiricaARROFi (Medicina empirica vanditatio praestiga), tabibtaroshi, ba muolija mashgul shudani shakhsoni malumoti tibbi nadoshta, aksar johil, ki usulhoi tabobati az jihati ilmi beasos va aksar baroi hayoti bemoron purkhavfro ba kor mebarand.
A. hanuz dar ibtidoi taraqqiyoti jamiyati insoni ba vujud omada dar on ojizii mardum dar nazdi quvvahoi tabiat inikos yoftaast. Dar avval A. az tibbi khalqi farq nadosht. Baze doruyu darmone, ki arrofon ba kor meburdand, dar oyanda asosi botanikai tibbi, zoologiyai tibbi, ilmi iloj (terapiya) va balneologiya (garmobashinosi)-i bisyor khalqho gardidand. Mardum dar vaqti ba mushkiloti zindagiyu jamiyati duchor omadan, ba arrof ru ovarda, az u maslihat mepursidand. Ammo bo mururi zamon istedodi barjastai baze arrofon mavridi istifodai dinu oin gasht. Hudi arrofon ham az pai ba manfiati khesh istifoda burdani vazifa budand. Hamin tariq, A. noguzir ba hunar, ba vositai sarvatgundori tabdil meyoft. Iborahoe, ki dar kitobhoi qadima duchor meoyand, mas., «sehrgar», «sohir», «folbin», «gaybguy», «emchi» va g. bo andake tobishho yak mano dorand va murodifi arrof, yane tabibtarosh meboshand.
Dar har davrai taraqqiyoti jamiyati insoni shaklu mazmun va namudhoi A. khele tagiyr meyoft. A. dar tibbi jahoni muosir niz joy dorad (beshtar dar mamoliki ru ba taraqqi pahn shudaast). Zuhuroti A. vobasta ba darajai hifzi tandurusti, sharoitu khususiyathoi jugrofi, khalqiyat, ananahoi zindagi, saviyai madaniyati umumi, darajai intishori aqidahoi dini gunogun meshavad. Arrofon hamchun vositai tabobat az giyohu mineralho va boftayu uzvi hayvonot istifoda mebarand.
A. hodisai manfi, urfu odati kuhna va yake az boqimondahoi zararnoki zamoni guzashta mahsub meyobad. Harchand arrofon vositahoi mamul va dar tibbi khalqi mashhurro ba kor barand ham, onro dastgiri kardan nashoyad. Zero ba «kumak»-i arrofon ru ovarda, vaqtro az dast dodan mumkin ast. Dar in muddat bemorii ba nazar sabuk metavonad ba dardi purkhavfi muzmin va hatto margovar tabdil yobad. Dar tajribai tibbi sudi bisyor hodisahoi margi nogahoni duchor omadaand, mas., favtidani bemor az kuzoz, ki sababi on bo gil pur kardani kovokii dandoni kirmkhurda bud; margi bemor az sepsis (ufunati tamomi badan), ki dar natijai bo tori tortanak pechondani joi zakhm (guyo khunraviro qat mekardaast) sar zadaast; margi nogahoni az bemorii hori, ki marizro ba joi moyakubi duokhoni kardaand. Makhsusan kushishi arrofon dar bobati muolijai bemorihoi guzaranda va tavalludi orizanok baroi odamon purkhatar ast.
Vaqthoi okhir arrofon bo sukhanbozihoi ilmi jaholati khudro pinhon kardani meshavand. Arrof tarzu usulhoi tibbiro kur – kurona va nouhdabaroyona ba kor mebarad, tabobatro ba firebi dagalu noshoista va hatto jinoi tabdil medihad. Arrofon sirru asrori tarkibi doruhoi khud va tarzi tayyor kardani onhor az digaron pinhon medorand, bisyor vaqt hangomi jarrohi asbobhoi sodai dastisokhtro istifoda mekunand. Ba arrofon ekstrasensho va dig. tabibtaroshone, ki malumoti tibbi nadorand, nazdikand.
Kasone, ki malumoti tibbi nadoshta ba kori tabobat dast mezanand az rui qonun ba javobgari kashida meshavand. Dar khotir doshtan lozim, ki ru ovardan ba kumaki arrofon oqibati bad dorad va hayotro zeri khavfu khatar meguzorad.

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