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ARAQSHORi

1328547792ARAQSHORi, ravandi fiziologist, ki sardshavii organizmro (az hisobi ba bug tabdil yoftani araqi rui pust va nigoh doshtani muvozinati obu namak) tamin mekunad. Araqro gadudhoi makhsus, ki dar nasji charbi zeri pust joygirand, judo menamoyand. Gadudhoi araq beshtar dar zeri bagal, kafi dastu poy jo giriftaand. Araq az 99% ob, 0,3% khloridi natriy, 0,1% durdai peshob, hamchunin az dig. moddahoi murakkabi organiki iborat ast. Tavassuti araq mahsuli tajziya, ki dar natijai mubodilai moddaho hosil shudaast, ikhroj megardad.
A. dar tanzimi harorat, khususan hangomi kori vaznini jismoni va dar sharoiti harorati baland, ahamiyati kalon dorad. Dar asnoi nisbat ba harorati badan afzuntar budani harorati muhit, A. omili yagonaest, ki organizmro az garmii ziyod emin medorad. Dar holati oromi A. nomalum guzarad ham, dar asl binobar bug shudani ob ba vositai pust organizm dar yak shabonaruz ba hisobi miyona qarib 500 ml obro ikhroj mekunad. Barobari baland shudani harorati muhit A. niz meafzoyad (avval az hisobi ba in jarayon ishtirok kardani miqdori ziyodi gadudhoi araq, sipas dar natijai afzudani samarai kori onho). Mas., dar mavridi az 500S. bolo budani harorati muhit dar tuli yak soat to 2 l araq judo meshavad. Dar havoi garm dar organizm ob zakhira nashavad ham, ikhroji araq idoma meyobad. Hangomi bagoyat ziyod talaf shudani ob faoliyati fiziologii organizm (nafaskashi, gardishi khun va g.) vayron meshavad. Tasiri durudarozi harorati baland va ba on mutobiq gashtan A.-ro kam mekunad. Az hamin sabab khushkii pusti sokinoni mamlakathoi garm hatto dar harorati balandi muhit niz tagyir nameyobad.
A. badi istemoli khuroki garm va tundu tez, nushokii bisyor, hangomi kori jismoni, tablarza, gamu anduh va g. avj megirad. Az tarsu vahm va hayajon kafi dastu poy, jabin va dig. qismhoi badani odam niz araq mekunand.
Mafhumi «A.»-ro az mafhumi «araq kardan» boyad farq namud. Miqdori araq na az shiddati A., balki ba surati bugshavii araq vobasta ast. Mas., agar bugshavi qismi alohidai badanro faro girad (agar odam telpak pushad, poyafzol yo libosi garm doshta boshad), pas hatto hangomi A.-i mutadil niz hamon qismi badan tar meshavad. Dar in holat saru libosro ivaz kardan lozim meoyad. A.-i barziyod baroi baze odamon odat shudaast. Dar in holat boyad bo dukhtur maslihat kard, zero A.-i doimi mumkin alomati yagon bemori boshad. Nig. niz Gipergidroz.

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