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ANTISEPTIKHO

anticeptikANTISEPTIKHO (az anti… va septikos – fasodovar), moddahoe, ki tasiri ziddimikrobi dorand. Tasiri A. nisbati mikroorganizmho intikhobi nest. Voyai kami A. inkishofi bakteriyahoro bozmedorad; az voyai ziyodi onho bakteriyaho mahv megardand.
A.-ro baroi tabobati zakhmhoe, ki siroyat yoftaast, illathoi bakteriyavii pust va luobpardaho, bezarar gardondani ob, khurokvori va dasti dukhturon pesh az jarrohi, gandzudoii asbobu anjomi tibbi va g. kor mefarmoyand.
A. gayr az tasiri ziddimikrobi hamchunin shomili tasiroti digar ham meboshand. Mas., A.-i khlordor baroi dezodoratsiya niz istifoda megardand; permanganati kaliy va peroksidi gidrogen niz chunin khususiyat dorad. Baze navhoi A.-ro detergentho menomand. Hangomi dar ob omekhta karda istifoda burdan, onho pust va asbobhoi tibbiro az ravgan va mikroorganizmho toza menamoyand (tasiri shustagari dorand). YAkjoya bo sobun kor farmudani detergentho joiz nest. Tasiri onho dar asnoi bo moddahoi organiki yakjoya kardan niz sust meshavad.
Fenol az jumlai A.-i faol buda, ba namudhoi nashvii mikroorganizmho tasir merasonad. Mahluli fenolro baroi bezarar gardondani pust va luobpardaho kor namefarmoyand, zero on boisi zahroludii silsilai markazii asab meshavad (charkh zadani sar, nafastangi, tashannuj va g.).
Ba A.-i nisbatan asosi mansuband: mahluli ammiaki 10%, kislotai borat, mahluli sabzi brilianti (zelyonka), vinilin, gidroperit, ikhtiol, mahluli spirtii yod, yodinol, yodoform, linimenti balzamii Vishnevskiy, sulfati mis, mahluli kabudi metileni, sobuni sabz, permanganati kaliy, mahluli peroksidi gidrogen, formaldegid, dikhloridi simob, kislotai salitsilat, tetraborati natriy, fenol, furatsilin, khlorgeksidin, sulfati ruh, spirti etil va g.

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