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ANTIDEPRESSANTHO

antidepressantyANTIDEPRESSANTHO (Antidepressiva; az anti… va lot. depressus – anduhgin), doruhoe, ki baroi muolijai bemoroni giriftori afsurdaruhi istifoda meshavand. A. ba holati ruhii marizon tasiri musbat rasonda, onhoro bolidatab va ruhbaland mesozand. Samarai tasiri A. badi 5 – 14 ruzi istifodai onho ba mushohida merasad.
A. asosan baroi tabobati psikhozho va nevrozho, ki bo alomathoi afsurdaruhi (depressiya) jarayon meyoband, kor farmuda meshavand. Tabobat bo A. zeri nazorati ravonpizishk va psikhonevrolog surat megirad. Voyai A.-ro ba tavri fardi intikhob mekunand. Muolija az voyai kami A. ogoz yofta, vobasta ba zarurat onro tadrijan ziyod menamoyand. Davri muolija 1 – 6 moh ast.
A. tasiri nomatlub niz dorand. Mas., amitriptilin, imizin, maprotilin, ftorasizin va g. boisi khushkidani dahon, ikhtiloli akkomodatsiya, dushvorii peshobroni meshavand. Hangomi istifodai A. sar charkh zada, dil behuzur va fishori sharayon noustuvor megardad. Baze A. (nialamid, imizin) boisi bekhobi, khotirpareshoni, beqarori meshavand; doruhoi digar boshand, bemorro behad khobolud va beholat mesozand. Dar mavridi bo dig. doruho istifoda burdani A. boyad ehtiyot shud, zero onho metavonand orizahoi vaznin ba bor orand.

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