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ANKILOZ

ankilozANKILOZ (az yun. ankylos – kaj), beharakatii bandu bugumho dar natijai ba hamdigar vasl shudani onho. Du namudi A. mavjud ast: fibrozi (bandu bugumho dar natijai dar bayni onho sabzidani boftai fibrozi nojunbon meshavand) va ustukhoni (tagoyaki bugumho qisman yo purra vayron shudaand va dar sathi uryonshudai onho boftai ustukhoni sabzidaast). Dar mavridi A.-i ustukhoni bugum purra az harakat memonad; hangomi A.-i fibrozi boshad, harakati on zaif va sust ast. A.-ho badi rukh dodani sadama yo dar natijai amrozi iltihobii bugumho paydo meshavand. Gachbandii tuloni niz boisi A. megardad.
Alomati asosii A. beharakati dar bugumhost. Ikhtiloli faoliyati uzv az holati chanbare vobastagi dorad, ki dar on fiksatsiya ba amal omadaast. Mas., agar dar natijai A.-i bandi zonu poy dar holati qatkarda fiksatsiya shuda boshad, pas durust roh gashtan nomumkin megardad; agar poy dar holati rost yo kame qat fiksatsiya karda shavad, bemor metavonad, harakat va kor kunad.
Muolijai A. bo rohi jarrohi surat megirad. Tavassuti osteotomiya metavon ba andomho mavqei nisbatan durust dod. Buridani band va artroplastika amali murakkab buda, faqat dar mavridi tabobati ortopedii kompleksiyu murattab natijai dilkhoh medihad. Vale dar in surat niz komilan ba harakat ovardani uzv dushvor ast.

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