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ANKILOSTOMIDOZHO

ankilostomidoziANKILOSTOMIDOZHO (Ankylostomidoses), yak guruhi bemoriho, ki kirmhoi lunda (ankilostomidaho) ba vujud meorand. Dar rudai odam 2 namudi ankilostomidaho – ankilostoma va nekator sukunat dorad. A. dar mamlakathoi iqlimashon torpiki va subtropiki pahn shudaand. Dar mamlakathoi iqlimashon mutadil ba A. shakhsone giriftor meshavand, ki dar zeri zamin, dar sharoiti rutubatash ziyodu haroratash baland kor mekunand (konkovho, naqbkanho va g.). Ankilostomidaho beshtar ba odamoni dehot, ki dar sahro, poliz va bogot kor karda, ba zamin porui nosukhta meandozand, siroyat menamoyand (khususan hangomi poi barahna gashtan).
Ankilostomidahoi bolig dar rudai borik, asosan dar rudahoi duvozdahangushta va nahif maskan megirand. Tukhmi ankilostomidahoi modina bo pasafkandi bemor khorij shuda, dar sharoiti musoid badi 24 soat ba kirmina mubaddal megardad (dar khok zindagi mekunad). Kirminaho ba daruni odam beshtar tavassuti pust va dahon (bo sabzavotu mevai noshusta yo ob) vorid meshavand. Onho bad az 8 – 10 hafta bolig megardand.
Bemori bad az 2 – 3 mohi siroyat padid meoyad; on boisi ikhtiloli medayu ruda va inkishofi kamkhuni meshavad; bazan bo bemadori, dardi sar, sarcharkhzani jarayon megirad. Odatan, hangomi A. inkishofi fikriyu jismonii kudakon sust meshavad. A. badi az pasafkandi mariz yoftani tukhmi kirm tashkhis megardad. Muolijai A.-ro dar bemorkhona meguzaronand (bemor purra shifo meyobad).
Bahri peshgirii A. oshkor va muolija namudani shakhsone, ki az ankilostomidaho siroyatnok shudaand, ahamiyati kalon dorad; bezarar gardonidani akhlote, ki chun poru istifoda meshavad, khele muhim ast. Hoki joyhoi alohidaro (mas., dar shakhtaho, nazdi hojatkhonaho) bo namaki oshi (1 kg ba 1 m2 dar har 10 ruz yak bor) bezarar boyad kard. Najosatro bo rohi kompostkunoni bezarar megardonand. Dar mavzehoe, ki A. pahn shudaast, sabzavotu meva, inchunin pesh az khurok va bad az qazoi hojat dastonro shustan lozim. Poyluch gashtan yo dar rui zamin nishastanu daroz kashidan mumkin nest. Nig. niz Gelmintozho.
Ad.: Kamardinov H.K., Tropicheskie i parazitarnie bolezni cheloveka, D., 2003; Hamon muallif, Infeksionnie i parazitarnie bolezni, D., 2009.
O.H. Huseynov.

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