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ANGUDON

angudonANGUDON [(Ferula foetida (≈ F. assa-foetlida)], anjudon, anguza, gandabu, kavrak, giyohest khudrui badbuy (makhsusan bekhu mevaash). Bekhash turbmonand, gafs. Poyaai rost (to 120 sm qad mekashad), gafs (qutrash 5 – 8 sm) va kamshokh dorad. Bargash narm (ruyash bepashmak, pushtash serpashmak), zud pajmurda meshavad; bargi bekhi poyaash nisbat ba barghoi qismi bolotari poya kalon (daroziash to 40 sm), dumchador. Gulash zardcha (mohhoi mart – apr. meshukufad). Asosan dar mintaqai shibog, boyaliju ushnonzori biyobon, alafzori dasht, saksavulzor, regzor, domanakuhi zardkhok va gilkhoku regkhoki vohai d. Sir va Tojikistoni Janubi (dar balandii 350 – 900 m az s. b.) numu meyobad. Dar baze mahalho anbuhi A. masohati nisbatan vasero faro megirad. A. dar sharoiti tabii az tukhmash rusta, soli 8 – 9-um yak marotiba gul mekunad, sipas tamoman nobud meshavad.
Samg va shirai khushki bekhu poyai A. az qadim bo nomi «khiltit» dar tibbi SHarq mashhur ast. Onro dar bayni bisyor kishvarhoi SHarqu Garb kharidfurush mekardand. Disquridus (Dioskorid; a. 1 m.) khabar dodaast, ki reshavu poyai A.-ro burida, shiraashro jam meovarand, behtarini on boyad sof, safedtob boshad va zud hal shavad. Abuali Sino samgi A.-ro (bo omekhtai digar doruho) baroi muolijai dardi mafosil, falaj, yaraqon, zakhmi ruda va kasalihoi pust (shukufa, dumbal va g.) istifoda meburd.
Tabiboni khalqi bo samgi A. sar, savdoi, ziqi nafas, sil, ragkashi, khala, miyondard, jarohati badan, kasalihoi pust (mas., pesi) va g.-ro tabobat mekardand; bargi navsabzashro bo jurgot omekhta, ba shakhsoni giriftori «otashak» va saraton medodand. Bekhashro zeri otash karda, ba omos mebandand; samgash kijjaro meronad. Poyai serobi navrasi A.-ro (monandi rov, roshak, kasruf) qazoqho mekhurand, obash tashnagiro meshikanad. Forsho va hindiho samgashro chun khurish ba taom meandozand.
Ad.: Flora Tadjikskoy SSR, t. 7, L., 1984; Hodjimatov M., Dikorastushie lekarstvennie rasteniya Tadjikistana, D., 1989.

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