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ANGAT

angatANGAT (Hippophae rhamnoides), angad, angatkhor, sarkanak, khingbed, oblepikha, nave az butta yo darakhti buttamonandi khordor. Az 3 to 11 m qad mekashad. Bargi neshtarshakl, guli maydai judojinsa, mevai donakmonandi khushtamu sershirai noranji, zard yo surkh dorad. Dar Tojikiston angatzorhoi tabii asosan dar soh. d.-hoi Vanj, Vakhsh, Gund, Zarafshon, Isfara, Kofarnihon, Panj, Sir, Surkhob, Hingob, havzai Iskandarkul va g. vomekhurand.
Mevai A.-ro taru toza istemol mekunand, ba taom meandozand. Onro bisyor vaqt avvalhoi zimiston megundorand (pas az tasiri sarmo talkhiash barham khurda, nordon, shirin va khushbuy meshavad). A.-i sarmozada der mepoyad. Az mevai A. murabbo, jem, moqut, pastila, polida, har guna nushoki tayyor mekunand.
Dar tib meva, ravgan va reshai A.-ro istifoda mebarand. Tabiboni khalqi mevai taru tozai A.-ro hangomi dardi meda, inchunin baroi taqviyati kori uzvhoi hozima tavsiya medihand. Jushobi mevai A.-ro hangomi zakhmi meda menushand, inchunin baroi peshgirii amrozi pust kudakonro dar on obbozi medorand. Dar dehoti Pomiri Garbi mevai taru tozai A. («gulkitak) hamchun davoi narmsozanda hangomi khushkidan va kafidani pust, jarohathoi sukhtagi va baze amrozi pust, ki dar natijai ikhtiloli mubodilai moddaho paydo meshavad, istifoda megardad. Istemoli jushobi mevayu bargi A. rekhtani mui sarro bozmedorad. Naqei bargi onro dar mavridi tarbod menushand, jushobi tukhmashro chun davoi isholovar istemol mekunand.
Ravgani angat, ki az mevai on megirand, jarohatro ba ham meorad va dardro taskin mebakhshad. Bo on shukufa, bodkhura, kasalihoi zanona (bodkhurai devori bachadon, kolpit)-ro davo mebakhshand. Istifodai ravgani A. hangomi tabobati nazofaringit, bemorihoi chashm (trakhoma va g.) natijai khub medihad. Omekhtai vazelin va ravgani A. davoi jarohathoi sukhtagist. Istemoli ravgani A.-ro inchunin hangomi shuoshifoii saratoni surkhruda (1/2 chumcha 3 marotiba dar yak ruz), dardi zakhmi meda va rudai duvozdahangushta tavsiya medihand.
Ad.: Hodjimatov M., Dikorastushie lekarstvennie rasteniya Tadjikistana, D., 1989.

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