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ANEVRIZMA

anevrizmaANEVRIZMA (Aneurysma; ba manoi vase shudan), vase gashtani raghoi khun yo javfi dil, ki dar natijai yozidan va damidani devorahoi on ba vujud meoyad. A.-ro chun bodi saktai dil, ateroskleroz, sifilis va dig. bemoriho, hamchunin natijai zakhm (A.-i zakhmi) medonand. Malum ast, ki nuqsi modarzodi devorai rag metavonad boisi paydoishi A. (beshtar dar raghoi mayna) gardad. Vobasta ba mavze A. sharayoni, varidi, sharayoniyu varidi meshavad. Namudhoi dukshakl va khaltashakli A. beshtar vomekhurand. A.-i aorta (shohrag) beshtar dar mardone mushohida meshavad, ki giriftori ateroskleroz meboshand. A.-i dil asosan oqibati nokhushi saktai qalb buda, odatan, dar devorai medachai chap ba vujud meoyad.
Zuhuroti A. ba mavqe, andoza va dig. omilhoi marbuti on vobasta ast. Jarayoni bemori base duru daroz va nomalum (bealomat) meboshad. A. boisi ikhtiloli khungirii boftaho meshavad. Hangomi A. bisyor vaqt faoliyati dil khalal meyobad (chi qadare ki A. ba mushaki dil nazdik joygir shuda boshad, ikhtiloli kori dil hamon qadar barvaqttar ba vuqu mepayvandad). Kafidani A. va khunravii halokatbor az imkon berun nest.
Hamai bemorone, ki giriftori A.-and, ba muolija va nazorati makhsus muhtojand. Jarrohiro az rui alomathoi makhsus meguzaronand. Komyobihoi ilmi jarrohii hozira imkon medihand, ki bemoron bomuvaffaqiyat jarrohi va az marg rahonda shavand.

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