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ANAMNEZ

anamnezANAMNEZ (yun. anamnesis – khotira, yoddosht), sobiqai holi tibbi, malumot roje ba sharoiti hayot va tarikhi bemori, ki onro khudi bemor va yo shakhsoni bo u shinos ba dukhtur bayon mekunand. A. yake az usulhoi muhimtarini tadqiqot buda, imkon medihad, ki bemori durust tashkhis karda shavad. A. shikoyatu ehsosi bemor, malumot oid ba ibtidoi bemori va jarayoni minbadai on, hayoti pesh az bemori, irsiyat, bemorihoi az cap guzaronida, vaziyati oilavi, odathoi nomatlub (mayparasti, tamokukashi va g.), sharoiti zindagiyu mehnat va g.-ro darbar megirad. A.-i umumi va A.-i khosi bemoriro farq mekunand. Ba A.-i umumi malumothoi zerin, mas., bemorihoi volidon va kheshu aqrabo (bemorihoi irsi, omoshoi saratoni, amrozi ruhi, sil, sifilis va g.), tarzi hayot (vazi oilavi, khurdu khurok), hayoti jinsi, sharoiti koru maishat va g. taalluq dorand. Ba A.-i khosi bemori malumotho roje ba ogozi bemori, jarayon va tabobati on to davrai tahqiq mansub meboshand.
Hamon yak bemori dar ashkhosi gunogun ba tavri gunogun surat megirad. Sababi in ba sinnu sol, alomathoi irsi, hassosiyati organizm va dig. omilho vobasta ast. A. misli digar usulhoi muoina boyad az rui tartibi muayyan surat girad. CHi qadar, ki malumot (alomathoi bemori, simptomho) ziyod boshad, hamon qadar tashkhisi bemori aniq khohad shud.
Dar mavridi gundoshtani A. ba shikoyathoi bemor etibori jiddi dodan lozim ast. Dukhtur boyad dar pasi har shikoyati bemor shabahi bemoriro binad, ki dar jismi u joy girifta tagyiroti gunogunro ba vujud meorad. Pursujui bemor boyad mufassal va murattab surat girad (khususan hangomi bemorihoi muzmin). Dar asnoi bemorihoi shadid, khususan dar mavridi ba hayoti mariz tahdid doshtani khatar, pursuju boyad kutoh boshad. Dar borai bemorone, ki dar holati madhushi qaror dorand, malumoti anamnezi az kheshu aqrabo yo nazdikoni u girifta meshavad.

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