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ANAEROBHO

anaerobnaya-bakteriyaANAEROBHO (Anaeroba; az an – hissachai inkori, aer – havo va bios – hayot), mikrobhoe, ki dar muhiti beoksigen inkishof meyoband. A. du khel – vojib va novojib meshavand. A.-i vojib dar muhiti beoksigen zindagi mekunand. A.-i novojib ham dar muhiti oksigendor va ham dar muhiti beoksigen afzoish meyoband (mas., qalamchamikrobi ruda, iersiniyaho, stafilokokkho, streptokokkho, shigellaho va g.).
A.-i vojibro, ki angezandahoi bemorihoi odamu hayvonot meboshand, metavon ba du guruh judo kard: sporador (klastridiyaho) va bespora. Ba A.-i sporador angezandai botulizm, siroyati anaerobi, kuzoz mansuband. A.-i bespora du khel – grammanfi va grammusbat meshavand (bakteroidho, fuzabakteriyaho, veylolnellaho, peptokokkho, eubakteriyaho va g.).
A.-i vojib dar organizm hamesha vujud dorand. Onho yak qismi mikroflorai mutadili odam meboshand, vale dar mavridi faroham omadani sharoiti musoid metavonand boisi sar zadani bemorihoi gunogun (mas., peritonit, dumbali shush va mayna, pnevmoniya, empiemai plevra, ufunat va g.) shavand. Sababi bisyor bemorihoe, ki A.-i bespora meangezand, zaif gashtani taassuri organizm binobar osebhoi gunogun, amaliyoti jarrohi, khunuk khurdan, ikhtiloli masuniyat (immunitet) va g. ast.
Baroi judo namudani A.-i vojib az tajhizoti makhsus, muhiti gizoi, usulhoi kishti A. va g. istifoda mekunand. Nig. niz Bakteriyaho.

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