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AMPUTATSIYA

amputatciyaAMPUTATSIYA (lot. amputatio – burida dur kardan), amali jarrohist, ki qismi kanorii dastu poy yo azoi illatnok (mas., gadudi shir, gardanai bachadon va g.)-ro burida dur mekunand. Qisman A. kardani dastu poyro ekzartikulyatsiya va purra A. kardani azoro ekstirpatsiya menomand. Faqat dar surate A. mekunand, ki yagon azoi badan az kor monad yo ki khavfe ba hayoti bemor ovarad (mas., mavjudiyati omoshoi saratoni, gangrena, bemorihoi vaznini siroyati, ki tabobat nameyoband, osebhoi sakhtu vaznini andomho, ba andozai ziyod illat yoftani ragu asabho, ki imkoni tabobat nadorand va g.).
A.-i dastu poy yake az qadimtarin usulhoi jarrohi meboshad. Tamomi zinahoi on hanuz ba dukhturoni YUnoni Qadim, mas., Buqrot (a. 4 to m.) malum bud. Ba A. dukhturoni Rimi Qadim (a. 2) Sela va Arkhigen asos guzoshtand. Minbad tuli sadsolaho nishondodhoi in olimon roje ba peshgirii khunravi faromush gashtand. Hamin tavr, A. faqat a. 16, badi az jonibi jarrohi fransavi A. Pare daryoftani usuli bastani raghoe, ki hangomi A. burida meshavand, imkonpazir gasht.
Tibbi muosir baroi roh nadodan ba chirk giriftani jarohat chorahoi etimodnok (toza kardani jarohat, istifodai antibiotikho va g.)-ro ba kor mebarad. Az in sabab dar baze mavridho hatto dastu poy yo azoi khele sakht zakhmdorshudaro niz biduni A. sihat kardan mumkin ast. Dar mavridi A. haminro ba nazar megirand, ki qismi boqimondai dastu poy (kulta) baroi protez kardan imkonpazir gardad.

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