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AMPELOTERAPIYA

ampeloterapiiaAMPELOTERAPIYA (Ampelotherapia; az yun. ampelos – angur va terapiya), angurshifoi, bo maqsadi tabobati bemorihoi gunogun istifoda burdani anguri taru toza va afshurai on. A. yake az usulhoi parhezshifoi buda bo maslihatu tainoti dukhtur va yakjoya bo farmakoterapiya (dorushifoi) ba jo ovarda meshavad. Hosiyathoi shifobakhshi va parhezii angur az zamonhoi qadim malum ast. Dar in bora Buqrot, Pliniy, Abubakri Rozi, Abualii Sino va dig. olimonu donishmandon aqidahoi jolib bayon kardaand. Dar «Makhzanu-l-adviya» nom asari Muhammad Huseyni Okili omadaast, ki «Behtarin navi angur safedi rasidai shirini shodobi buzurgdona ast, ki pustash nozuk, tukhmash khurd va donahoyash dar miqdor barobar boshand… Angur behtarin mevahost dar gizoiyat va tavlidi khuni soleh va ba etidolovarandai mizojhoi galiz va sofkunandai khun va dafkunandai moddahoi savdoi va ehtiroqiya (sukhtashuda) ast. Holi sina va shushro behtar va badanro farbeh mekunad va pihi (charbui) gurdaro ziyod megardonad. Obi onro khurda pusti onro andokhtan lozim ast… Anguri noras va gura afisi (taqir) sard buda, quvvai qobiza dorad…»
Dar tarkibi angur glyukoza, fruktoza, kislotahoi seb, silikat, oksalat, salitsilat, javhari limu, moddahoi minerali, mikroelementho, vitaminhoi S, V, provitamini A (karotin), bioflavonoidho, fermenthoi gunogun va g. mavjudand. Samarai tabobatii A. beshtar ba glyukoza, namakhoi kaliy (taqr. 250 mg%) va ob (taqr. 70 – 80%) vobastagi dorad. Dar mavridi A. ravandi mubodilai moddaho (khususan obu namak) meafzoyad, faoliyati gurdaho behtar shuda, moddahoi zahrnok az organizm ikhroj megardand, kori meda ba somon meoyad, ishtiho kushoda meshavad. Ba sifati parhezona metavon tamomi anvoi angurro kor farmud. Angur baroi muolijai bemorihoi dil, bronkhho, gurda, jigar, amrozi medayu rudaho, kamkhuni, niqris (podagra), sili muzmini shush, kharobii silsilai asabho, inchunin ba sifati davoi muqavvi (hangomi marizii bardavom) tain karda meshavad. Dar mavridi A. az istemoli mevahoi digar hattalimkon khuddori kardan lozim; istemoli sabzavot, shir, gizohoi serravgan va shur, kvas, obi minerali, sharob niz joiz nest. Miqdori angur va afshurai on, inchunin davomoti tabobat ba tavri fardi intikhob karda meshavad. A. dar mavridi bemorihoi diabeti qand, farbehi, zakhmi meda, kolite, ki bo ishol jarayon megirad, enterit va enterokolit, plevriti shadid, stomatit, gingivit, glossit, sili shadid va g. zarar dorad.
Hosiyati shifobakhshii mavizi angur niz az qadimulayyom malum meboshad. Dar tarkibi maviz to 73% qand va ba miqdori ziyod namakhoi kaliy mavjudand. Barg va navdahoi tarraki tok niz khosiyati tabobati dorand. Dorui naturoza, ki az angur istehsol karda meshavad, baroi muolijai khunravii shadid, kollaps, sadma (shok) istifoda megardad. Nig. niz Angur, Angurgura, Tok.
Ad.: Hikmati asrho (murattibon V.A. Kapranov, R. Hoshim), D., 1974; SHvars A.B., Vinogradolechenie, YAlta, 1947; Karadji G.M., Germanov P.N., Pitatelnaya sennost i ozdorovlyayushee znachenie vinograda, Kishinev, 1968; Ensiklopediya vinogradarstva, t. 1, Kishinev, 1986.
A. Toshev.

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