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AMILAZAHO

amilaza1AMILAZAHO, fermenthoe, ki ohar, glikogen va dig. polisakharidhoi ba onho nazdikro tajziya mekunand. Se navi A. malumand: α – Amilaza (krakhmalro ba dekstrinho tabdil medihad; amilazai dekstrinogeni); β – Amilaza (krakhmalro ba maltoza tabdil medihad; amilazai sakharogeni); glyukozamilaza (hosil shudani glyukoza va dekstrinro tamin menamoyad). α – Amilaza dar rastaniho va mikroorganizmho vomekhurad. β – Amilaza dar rastanihoi olitashakkul mavjud ast. Odatan, gidrolizi polisakharidho bo ishtiroki yakjoyai A.-i gunogun ba amal meoyad.
Zeri tasiri shirai tukhmi neshzadai jav ba qand tabdil yoftani krakhmalro (tasiri fermentii A.) olimi rus K. S. Kirkhgof bayon namudaast (1814). Avvalin dorui fermentiro olimoni fransavi A. Payen va J. Perso (1833) az shirai sumalak judo kardaand. Baze A. dar holati kristalli judo karda shudaand. A. baroi hazmi khurok yori merasonand.

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