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AMFETAMIN

amfetaminAMFETAMIN, yak nav doru, angezandai sistemai asabhoi markazi. A. analogi gormonhoi adrenalin va noradrenalin meboshad. Sulfati A. bo nomi «Fenamin» malum ast. A. soli 1887 chun davoi sust kardani ishtiho hosil karda shuda bud. Dar davrai Jangi duyumi jahon ba askarhoi amerikoi har ruz 10 qursi A.-ro medodand. S. 1954 dar YAponiya sadho hazor navrason A.-ro suiistemol mekardand. Badtar epidemiyai nashamandi az A. inchunin Amriko va Avruporo niz faro girift. Dar sobiq Ittihodi SHuravi istehsoli A. s-hoi 40-um ogoz yoft; navrasoni s-hoi 60-um onro ba vena tazriq mekardand. S-hoi 70-um istifodai A. dar bayni javonon kam shud va joyi onro marikhuana, geroin, gallyutsinogenho giriftand.
A. yake az doruhoi asosii ruhgiro mahsub meyoft. Onro baroi baland bardoshtani qobiliyati kori, muolijai narkolepsiya, gambemori, khastaholi, khoboludi, asteniya va g. kor mefarmudand. Holo A. binobar boqi guzoshtani tasiroti nomatlub (ikhtiloli faoliyati olii asab, baland shudani fishori khun, sust gashtani qobiliyati kori va g.), inchunin ba vujud omadani khugiriyu nashamandi nisbati on khele kam istifoda meshavad.

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