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AMENOREYA

amenoreyaAMENOREYA (az a – hissachai inkori, yun. men – moh va rheo – meshoram), behayzi, hayz nadidan. Holatest, ki zan dar muddati 6 moh yo az in beshtar hayz namebinad. Agar dukhtar badi ba balogat rasidan yo zan tamoman hayz nadida boshad, A.-i yakumin va agar bore hayz dida, minbad tamoman hayz nabinad, A.-i duyumin menomand. Dar hayoti zan chand davrai hayz nadidan (to balogat, homilagi, bachamakoni, menopauza) vujud dorad. In davraho chun holati fiziologii organizm davom karda, bad qat megardand (A.-i fiziologi). A.-i patologi dar natijai nuqsoni modarzodii tukhmdon, bachadon va mahbal, khele sust inkishof yoftani uzvhoi nomburda, inchunin oseb didani janin az dorue, ki zan dar davrai homilagi (dar avval va to okhiri mohi seyumi bordori – dar davrai muhimi tagyiri janin) istemol mekunad, paydo meshavad. Tabobati A.-e, ki az in sababho ruy dodaast, imkonnopazir ast. A. dar natijai bemorihoi gadudhoi endokrini, khususan gadudhoi siparshakl, boloi gurda va gipofiz, bemorii sil, kamvitamini, isqoti pay dar pay niz ba vujud meoyad.
Sababhoi A.-ro metavon ba juzi va umumi judo kard. Ba sababhoi juzii A. mansuband: vujud nadoshtani mahbal va bachadon; omosi tukhmdonho; tagyiroti bebozgashti luobpardai bachadon; kastratsiyai shuoi yo jarrohi. Vale bisyor vaqt sababi A. bemorihoi vaznini siroyati (domana, hasba, vabo, pnevmoniya, ufunat va g.), sili shush, gurda, tukhmdonho, jigar, silsilai dilu ragho, gadudhoi usorai dokhili, amrozi ruhi (shizofreniya, psikhasteniya, sar), zahroludi (az surb, fosfor) va g. mahsub meshavand.
Muolijai A. ba rafi bemorii asosi (kamkhuni, beishtihoi, diabet, bemorihoi gadudi siparshakl, gipofiz va g.) vobasta ast. Hususan tadbirhoe, ki ba behsozii bo khun tamin gashtani uzvhoi kosi khurd nigaronida shudaand, natijai dilkhoh medihand. Davohoi gormoni, fizioterapiya va istemoli vitaminho niz muhim ast.
Ad.: Norvits E.R. (va dig.), Naglyadnie akusherstvo i ginekologiya, M., 2003; Ginekologiya, M., 2005.

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