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AMYOBAHO

amyobaAMYOBAHO (Amoebina), yak guruhi soddatarinho. Beshtar dar obanborhoi shirinob, goho dar khok sukunat ikhtiyor mekunand. A.-hoi parazit niz mavjudand. Andozai A. az 50 mkm to 2 – 3 mm ast. A. shakli doimi nadorand. A.-e, ki jismashon az sitoplazma iborat ast, poyhoi qalbaki (psevdopodiyaho) doshta, onho vazifai harakat va doshtani gizoro ba jo meorand. Gizoi A. bakteriyaho, obsabzhoi mayda, soddatarinho va g. meboshand. Dar atrofi gizo az sitoplazma shirai makhsus judo meshavad, ki on vakuolai hozimaro ba vujud meorad (andaruni on gizo hazm shuda, zahida ba sitoplazma meguzarad). Ob va mahsuli faoliyati hayotiro vakuolai kashishkhuranda ikhroj menamoyad. A. odatan yak hasta (yadro) dorand, vale amyobai Pelomyxa seryadro ast. Bisyor A. bo rohi gayrijinsi (taqsimshavi) afzoish mekunand. Dar A. afzoishi jinsi ahyonan ba mushohida merasad. Dar sharoiti nomusoid (kam shudani gizo, khunuki, khushk shudani obanborho va g.) jismi A. lunda va sathi protoplazma gafs gashta, on jildi muhofiz hosil mekunad (yane sista ba vujud meoyad). A.-e, ki dar obhoi shirin sukunat dorand, daleli iflos budani ob mahsub meshavand. A.-i parazit dar rudai hayvonoti gunogun va odam zist mekunand. Dar bayni onho khususan A.-i isholi khunin (Entamoeba histolytica) khavfnokand. Onho bemorii amyobiazro ba vujud meorand, ki khele vaznin ast.

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