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AMBLIOPIYA

ambliopijaAMBLIOPIYA (Amblyopia; az yun. amblus – sust, zaif va opos – chashm), bequvvat shudani chashm. A.-ro bemorii «chashmi tanbal» niz menomand. Odatan dar yak, bazan dar hardu chashm mushohida meshavad. A. marizii atfol ast (az davrai tavallud to sinni 7-solagi davom mekunad). Bazan dar kudakone, ki yak chashmi onho giriftori nazdikbini yo durbini ast, ba vujud meoyad. Agar quvvai yak chashm nisbat ba chashmi digar beshtar boshad, pas magzi sar ba tasviri sustu khirae, ki az chashmi illati meoyad, «etibor» namedihad. In guna holat tadrijan boisi inkishofi A. khohad shud. Kudak shoyad hatto ehsos nakunad, ki u faqat bo yak chashm menigarad.
A.-ro sari vaqt tashkhis kardan lozim ast. CHunin kudakon, odatan, kaj nigoh mekunand yo baroi durust nigaristan, sarashonro ba yagon taraf megardonand. Ahvali, nazdikbini yo durbinii sakht, osebi shokhpardai chashm, ki baroi guzashtani rushnoi az chashm mone meshavad, kam budani vazn hangomi tavallud, challa tavallud yoftan va g. ba paydoishi A. musoidat menamoyand.
Bahri tabobati A. az bandina, doruhoi chashm, aynak va g. istifoda mekunand. Ba takhir guzoshtani muolija ba manfiati kudak nest.

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