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ALOPETSIYA

alopetciyaALOPETSIYA (Alopecia), purra yo qisman rekhtani muy. A. modarzodi, lonavi, barmahal va aloimi meshavad.
A.-i modarzodi goho bo osebi nokhunho, dandon va pust hamroh megardad. Hele kam duchor meoyad va beshtar khususiyati oilavi dorad.
Dar mavridi A.-i lonavi mui sar, rish, muylab, bazan abruyu mijgon, mui zeri kash jo-jo (lonavi) purra merezad. Bemori asosan dar sinni javoni va miyonsoli ba mushohida merasad. Ba paydoishi on bemorihoi siroyati, nojurihoi endokrini va ruhi, tasiri nurhoi rentgeni va g. musoidat mekunand. Joe ki mui on rekhtaast, shakli doiraro dorad. Goho qitahoi khurd ba hamdigar payvasta, qitahoi kaloni bemuyro ba vujud meorand. Pusti joi osebyofta sufta va jilonok meboshad. Dar davrai ogozi bemori surokhi masomahoi follikulahoi muyro ba chashm didan mumkin ast, vale badtar onho hamvoru takht meshavand. Bemori az 2 moh to 1 – 2 sol davom mekunad. A.-hoi badzot (totali) va kanori duru daroz idoma meyoband. Dar mavridi A.-i badzot mui tamomi sar, dar asnoi A.-i kanori boshad, faqat mui atrofi on merezad.
A.-i barmahal asosan dar zaminai bemorii seboreya ba amal meoyad. Hosi mardho buda, dar davrai javoni va miyonsoli mushohida meshavad. Rekhtani muy az qismi peshona ogoz yofta, dar muddati chand sol tamomi sarro faro megirad (bazan faqat mui kanorhoi sar boqi memonad). Puste, ki mui on rekhtaast, jilonok va tunuk meshavad. Bemori dar zanho niz metavonad ba mushohida rasad (mui onho kamubesh tunuk khohad shud).
Sababi A.-i aloimi bemorihoi gunogun, mas., sifilis, sili pust, bodkhurda, mikrosporiya, trikhofitiya va g. meboshand.
Dar mavridi hama shaklhoi A. muolijaro dukhtur tain mekunad. Bo maqsadi tabobat az kortikosteroidho, vitaminho, doruhoi oromsozandai asab, davohoi vasekunandai raghoi khunguzar, marhamhoi gunogun va g. istifoda mebarand.
Oqibati bemori ba shakli A. vobasta ast. Hangomi A.-i modarzod va dar baze mavridho hangomi A.-i badzot muy namebaroyad. Dar surati A.-i barmahal domanador shudani bemoriro metavon peshgiri kard.
Ad.: Zoirov P.T., Bemorihoi pust, D., 1999; Hamon muallif, Bolezni koji, D., 2002; Hamon muallif, CHastnaya dermatologiya i venerologiya, D., 2007.
P.T. Zoirov.

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