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ALIMENT

alimentALIMENT (az lot. aliment – nafaqa), mablagi taminoti moddist, ki muvofiqi tartibi muqarrarkardai qonun yake az uzvi oila ba uzvi digari muhtoj yori medihad. Doirai shakhsonero, ki ba giriftani A. huquq dorand va doirai shakhsone, ki ba dodani A. uhdadorand, hamchunin andoza va muhlati dodani onro qonun muayyan mekunad.
Andozai A. az rui ba hisob giriftani hamai namudhoi daromad, az chumla mukofot va navi daromadhoi ilovagie, ki az khochagii yorirason ba dast meorand, muqarrar karda meshavad. A. baroi farzandoni nobolig, baroi yak farzand ba andozai choryak, baroi du farzand seyak va baroi se farzand va ziyoda az on ba andozai nisfi daromadi shakhse, ki A. medihad, ruyonda meshavad. Andozai A. dar holathoe kam karda meshavad, ki agar volid dar taminoti khud digar farzandoni nobolig ham doshta boshad va badi suporidani A. taminoti onho nazar ba farzandoni alimentgiranda bad shavad; agar volidoni alimentsupor invalidi guruhi yak yo du bo- shand; agar farzandoni alimentgiranda kor kunand va maoshi kofi girand, yo dar taminoti purrai davlat boshand. Badi vafoti volidayn yo az uhdai taminoti moddii farzandoni nobolig nabaroma- dani onho, dodani A. ba zimmai azoi digari oila, mas., bobo, modarkalon, barodaroni kalon va khoharon, padarandar yo modarandar guzoshta meshavad.
Agar yake az hamsaron qobili kor naboshad yo dar davomi yak sol badi bekor kardani aqdi nikoh qobiliyati koriashro gum karda boshad, vay az hamsari khud, ki ba yorii moddi rasonidan qodir ast, baroi giriftani A. hukuq dorad. In guna hukuq ba zan dar davrai homilagi, inchunin dar davomi yakunim soli badi tavvaludi kudak (ba gayr az huquq ba A., ki shavhar boyad baroi tamini kudak dihad) niz doda shudaast. Azoi kornoshoyami oila (volidayn yo farzandon), ki ba yorii moddi muhtochand, az barodaron, khoharon, bobo, modarkalon, naberaho, inchunin az pisaron va dukhtaroni ugay dar holati kofi budani daromadi onho ba giriftani A. huquq dorand; pisar va dukhtaroni ugay az uhdadorii tamin namudani padarandar yo modarandar vaqte ozod karda meshavand, ki agar dar taminoti onho kamtar az panch sol istoda boshand yo dar holate, ki modarandar yo padarandar uhdadorii tarbiyai onhoro ichro nakardaand. Tarbiyagirandagon uhdadorand shakhsoni kornoshoyam va ba yorii moddi muhtochro, ki onhoro tarbiya kardaand, vale in ashkhos az farzandon va yo hamsari khud A. girifta nametavonand, dar taminoti khud nigoh dorand. Andozai A.-i barodaroni nobolig, khoharon, naberaho, pisar va dukhtaroni ugay, inchunin azoi boligi kornoshoyami oilaro, ki ba yori muhtochand, dar har holati muayyan sud muqarrar menamoyad.
A. baroi tamini farzandon to sinni ba balogat rasidani onho (18-solagi) doda meshavad. Dar mavridi tagiyr yoftani sharoit (tashkili oilai nav, barqaror shudani qobiliyati kor va g.), ki dar asosi on A. ruyonda meshud, huquq ba A. barham mekhurad. Az dodani A. baroi tamini farzandon barqasd sarkashi kardan boisi chazoi chinoyati megardad. Maqsad az A. poydorii oila, masuliyatshinosi dar talimu ta- mini farzandon va ba hamdigar yori rasondani azoi oila meboshad
( Bobhoi 13
18 va moddahoi 80 – 121 Kodeksi oilai Jumhurii Tochikiston).

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