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ALDEGIDHO

aldegidiALDEGIDHO, payvasthoi organiki. Dar tarkibi khud guruhi karbonili bo radikali organiki va atomi gidrogen payvast dorand. A. dar spirt va efir khub hal meshavand. A. az jihati khimiyavi khele faoland. A. zud oksid shuda, ba kislotaho tabdil meyoband. Dar natijai ba A. payvast shudani gidrogen, ob, spirt, kislotai sianid, bisulfati natriy va g. muvofiqan spirti yakumin, gidrati A., atsetal, siangidrin va g. hosil meshavand. Aksari in payvasthoro baroi sintezi moddahoi muhim kor mefarmoyand. Dar amaliyai tib bevosita khudi A. (formalin, paraldegid va g.), hamchunin hosilahoi onho – geksametilentetramin (urotropin) va khloralgidrad istifoda megardand. A. moddahoi zahrnokand. Bugi A. luobpardai chashm va rohi boloi nafasro meangezad. A. tasiri nashaovar niz dorand. YU. H. Hojiboev.

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