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AKTINOMIKOZ

aktinomikozAKTINOMIKOZ (Actinomycosis; az aktino… va yun. mikozho), bemorii siroyatist, ki zanburughoi shuoshakl (akti- nomisetho) ba vujud meorand. Ba A. odam kam giriftor meshavad. Asosan kasalii hayvonot, beshtar chorvoi kalon ast. A. beshtar dar pusti jogu gardan, uzvhoi kovokii shikam va shush paydo meshavad. Hangomi A.-i sathi dar pust yo pardahoi luobi varamchahoi surkh yo kabudi bedard, ki manbai gazak meboshand, ba vujud meoyand. Dar natijai kafidani madda nosurhoi sershumor paydo khohand shud. Illati uzvhoi kovokii shikam va shush dar ikhtiloli vazifai onho zohir megardad; dar mavridi kuhna shudani bemori illat az darun ba rui pust guzashta (mas., az shush ba devorai sina) nosurhoro ba vuchud meorad. Usulhoi hozirai muolichai A. aksar vaqt ba shifo yoftani bemor imkon medihand. Muolicha harchi peshtar sar shavad, natichai on hamon qadar khubtar ast. Angezandahoi bemori dar tabiat (khok, uzvhoi hozimai hayvonot, khushai rastaniho va g.) vase pahn shudaand. Onho dar dahon, rohhoi bo- loii nafas va rudai odam niz mavchudand, vale yagon zarar namerasonand. Faqat dar sharoiti muayyan, yane hangomi sust shudani qobiliyati difoii organizm (shamol khurdan, allergiya, tagyiri chuzii boftayu uzvho, ki binobar bemorihoi parodontit, appenditsit, iltihobi shush, sil va g. rukh namudaand) imkon dorad, ki onho boisi bemori gardand. Sarivaqt muolicha kardani iltihob, khususan gazaki muzmini chavfi dahon, tabobati dandonhoi pusida va g. baroi peshgirii A. khele muhim ast. Hangomi furu burdan yo nafas kashidani changi khushahoi chavdor, gandum va dig. rastanihoi bo zanburug oluda A.-i ruda yo shush ba vuchud meoyad. A. az shakhsi bemor ba solim nameguzarad.
P. T. Zoirov

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