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AQOID-UN-NISO – MAZMUNU MUNDARIJAASH

Soli talifi asar zikr nashudaast va az ishorahoi muallif paydost, ki on pesh az «Koni lazzat va khoni nemat» ejod karda shudaast. Muallif in asarashro «…mukhtasarest dar bayoni ahvolu afoli zanon» meguyad.

«Aqoid-un-niso» az nigohi sokhtor niz jolib buda, doroi muqaddima va 16 bobi khurd-khurd meboshad.

Dar muqaddimai risola muallif panj nafar zanoni obrumandi zamonro nom mebarad. Onho: Bibishoh Zaynab, Bibikholi Juybori, Bibimojoni Bazmoro, Hola Panir, Bibiqalmoqi Ollohguy meboshand. Muallif in bibihoro az «ulamovu fuqahoi zamoni khud» nom burda, qayd mekunad, ki: «.har zane, ki khilofi farmudai eshon kunad, gunahkori azim boshad».

zan

Bad az muqaddima bobhoi kitob ogoz meshavad, ki chunin unvonguzori shudaand:

Bobi yakum: «Dar bayoni vuzu va gusl».

Bobi duyum: «Dar bayoni avqote, ki namoz soqit ast va tarki on vojib ast»

Bobi seyum: «Dar bayoni ruza».

Bobi chorum: «Dar nikoh dar shab yo ruzi zifof».

Bobi panjum: «Dar bayoni amoli shabi zifof».

Bobi shashum: «Dar bayoni zoyonidani zanon».

Bobi haftum: «Dar bayoni hammom raftan».

Bobi hashtum: «Dar bayoni sozho va feli on».

Bobi nuhum: «Dar bayoni faslho va avqoti on».

Bobi dahum: «Dar bayoni muoshirati zanonu shavharon».

Bobi yozdahum: «Dar bayoni matbuote, ki ba nazar vojib ast».

Bobi duvozdahum: «Dar bayoni taviz ba jihati zakhmi chashm».

Bobi senzdahum: «Dar bayoni mahramu nomahram».

Bobi chordahum: «Dar bayoni istinjobi duo».

Bobi ponzdahum: «Dar bayoni mehmon».

Bobi shonzdahum: «Dar bayoni khohar khondan».

Mazmuni bobho kinoyaomez buda, in zanho, ki asilzodavu ashrofzodaand, har kadome muhokimaronihoi khele ajoib dorand.

Masalan, dar bobi yakum menavisad, ki vuzu va guslro hamai ulamo (panj nafar bibiho.) vojib medonand, vale dar holathoi zerin: vaqte ki zan ba dasti khud hino basta boshad, yo bar abruyash usma kashida boshad, yo shavhar ba u ijozati hammom raftan nadoda boshad, ba aqidai Bibishoh Zaynab, to panj ruz in holat davom boyad kunad va ba qavli Bibikholi Juybori, to yak hafta va ba guftai Bibimojoni Bazmoro, to ba yak moh tarki guslro vojib medonad va gayra. YO khud oid ba munosibati zanon bo modarshuyon menavisad: «.arus bo modari shavhar va modarshuy bo arus, albatta, dushmani kunand, harchand dar dil bo ham dust boshand, dar zohir albatta-albatta dushman boshand… va Bibi SHoh Zaynab az qavli murshidi khud iblisi lain gufta, ki aksi onro ba amal orad. Ba arus vojib ast, ki ruzu shab durug va iftiroi (safsattai ) bisyor az qavli shaytoni lain ba shavhar naql kunad» va monandi inho.

Umuman malum meshavad, ki «Aqoid-un-niso»-i Vozeh dar tarikhi adabiyoti tojik yake az komiltarin va arzishmandtarin asar ba hisob meravad. In asar nazari shakhsii muallif nabuda, asosan aqidahoi 5 tan zanoni «ulamo»-i davr meboshad.

Asar majmui urfu odat, tafakkuru jahonbinii zanoni tabaqai muayyani jamiyati onvaqtai Bukhorost, ki az tarafi Vozeh mushohida karda shudaast. Az tarafi digar, mo muoinai tabaqahoi ijtimoii jamiyati hamonruzai Bukhoro va ba khusus, avzoi zanon va maqomi onhoro dar oila va jamiyat mebinem.

Savol va suporishho:

  1. Ovoni javoni va tahsili ilm kardani Qorirahmaluttohi Vozeh chi guna surat giriftaast?
  2. Vozeh kay ba darbor roh yoftaast?
  3. Sababhoi khidmati darborro tark kardani Vozeh chist?
  4. Poyoni umri Qorirahmatullohi Vozeh chi guna guzashtaast?
  5. Merosi ilmiyu adabii Vozehro nombar kuned.
  6. Sababi talifi asari «Savoneh-ul-masolik»-i Vozeh chi bud?
  7. Mazmunu muhtavoi «Savoneh-ul-masolik»-i Vozeh az chi iborat ast?
  8. Vozeh dar in asarash kadom andeshahoi peshqadamro targib namudaast?
  9. Vozeh dar «Savoneh-ul-masolik» beshtar ba kadom masalaho ru ovardaast?
  10. Safarhoi Vozeh ba jahonibinii u chi guna tasir bakhshidaast?
  11. Mazmuni mukhtasari «Koni lazzat va khoni nemat»-ro naql kuned.
  12. Dar «Koni lazzat va khoni nemat» kadom navhoi taom sharhu tavzeh doda shudaand?
  13. Sokht va mundarijai «Aqoid-un-niso»-ro bayon kuned.
  14. Vozeh dar «Aqoid-un-niso» beshtar ba kadom masalaho diqqat dodaast?
  15. Ahamiyati ilmiyu marifatii «Aqoid-un-niso»-ro fahmoned.
  16. Istifodai istehsolotu tabiroti khurokvoriro dar asari «Koni lazzat va khoni nemat sharh dihed.
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