Home / Ilm / AHVALi

AHVALi

0-544-310x165AHVALi (Strabismus), olusi, holati chashm, ki dar mavridi on khatti binishi yak chashm ba chizi didashavanda ravon shuda, chashmi digar boshad, ba tarafi bini yo chakka megardad.
A. dar natijai ikhtiloli hamkorii mushakhoi chashm paydo meshavad. Dar sinni 2 – 3-solagi faoliyati yakjoyai har du chashm bosurat tashakkul meyobad. A. niz mahz dar in davra ba amal meoyad. Nizomi hamkorii har du chashm metavonad zeri tasiri osebu bemorii magzi sar, zarbai ruhi (tars), nomukammalii optikii chashm (durbini va nazdikbini) vayron shavad. Ba paydoishi A. bazan bemorihoi siroyati (surkhcha, makhmalak, khunoq, gripp va g.) musoidat mekunand; kudak dar davrai bemori boyad kitob nakhonad, rasm nakashad. Dar vaqti khondanu navishtan khona boyad ba darajai kofi ravshan boshad.
Hangomi A. dar binish tanho chashmi solim ishtirok karda, chashmi olus bekor memonad. Muddati daroz bekor istodani chashm boisi kam shudani quvvai binishi on megardad (bo istiloh ambliopiya). A.-ro har qadar zudtar tabobat kunand, imkoniyati barqaror kardani bosira hamon qadar ziyod ast. Volidayn hamin ki olus budani kudakashonro pay burdand, boyad uro favran ba dukhturi chashm nishon dihand.
Baroi tabobati A.-e, ki binobar nomukammalii optikii chashm paydo shudaast, dukhtur ba bemor aynak girifta gashtanro tavsiya medihad. Aynak baroi bosira sharoiti musoid faroham ovarda, dar bartaraf namudani A. kumak merasonad. Aynakro ba kudakon az yakunim – dusolagi tain mekunand. Baroi faolona kor kardani chashmi olus chashmi sihati kudakro ba muddati daroz (ziyoda az 4 moh) bo bolishtaki pakhtavu dokagi (ba chanbaraki aynak menihand yo ba pusti girdogirdi chashm mechasponand) mahkam mekunand. Dar barobari in, chashmi olusro mashq dodan lozim ast.
Agar dar davomi 1 – 2 soli giriftani aynak A. bartaraf nashavad, pas onro bo rohi jarrohi tabobat mekunand. Baroi jarrohi sinni 4 – 6-solagi muvofiq ast. Mohiyati asosii chunin jarrohi dar on meboshad, ki yake az mushakhoi harakatovari guzai chashm sust yo baraks purzur karda meshavad. Aksar vaqt jarrohi A.-ro bartaraf mekunad, vale baroi barqaror sokhtani hamkorii mutadili har du chashm mashqhoi makhsus lozimand. Maqsad az onho «tarbiya kardani» odathoi muqarrarii ba chashmi solim khos meboshad. Tabobati A. solu mohhoi ziyod davom karda, sabru toqat va ustuvorii volidaynu khudi bemorro metalabad.
Sarivaqt taftish kardani bosira tadbiri asosii peshgirii A. ast. Agar kudak ba ashyo kham shuda nigoh kunad yo onhoro ba chashm nazdik ovarda binad, uro ba dukhturi chashm nishon dodan lozim ast. Dukhtur dar surati zaruri aynak girifta gashtanro maslihat medihad (kudakon ba aynak zud odat mekunand). Tadbirhoi behdoshti umumi – muntazam sayru gasht kardan, toza nigoh doshtani havoi khona, durust tashkil kardani istirohati tobistona, mashgul shudan bo varzishi jismoni baroi peshgirii A. zaminai musoid faroham meorad. Tamomi on chizhoe, ki salomatii kudakro poydor mesozand, ba paydoishi A. mone meshavand.

Загрузка...

Dar boramon

Инчунин кобед

planet

ZAMIN – SAYYORAI SISTEMAM OFTOBI

Sababhoi tagyiryobii faslhoi sol. Az kursi tabiatshinosi mo medonem, ki Oftob in markazi sistemai oftobii mo …