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AHAMIYATI HAYVONOTI SHIRHUR VA MUHOFIZATI ON A3 TARAFI INSON

AHAMIYATI HAYVONOTI SHIRHUR VA MUHOFIZATI ON A3 TARAFI INSON 

Namoyandagoni hayvonoti shirkhur — hayvonote meboshand, ki baroi qone gardonndani talaboti ruzafzuni inson bo khurokvori, pushokvori, doruvori, zeboi, yorirasonii sanitari, borkashi va gayra ahamiyatnokand. Gayr az in hayvonoti shirkhur baroi sanjishhoi biofiziologii veterinarho, dukhturho, seleksioneru genetikho organizmkhoi sanjishi ba shumor meravand.

Agar az jihati mintaqavi dida baroem, dar hududi jumhuriamon 86 namudi shirkhurhoi yoboi dida meshavand, ki ahamiyatu zarari onho ba aholii dehot malumand. Masalan, dar biyobonu nimbiyobonho mushi dumsurkhi regzor, ohu, shagol, gurbai nayzor, gavazni bukhoroi sukunat dorand. Dar obanborho va sohilhoi on, dar kulhoi suniya nohiyahoi Kolkhozobod va Farkhor hayvoni ba sharoiti nav muvofiq kardashuda — nutriya zindagi mekunad.

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Dar kuhsoru mahalhoi aholinishini Tojikiston mushi «khonagi». kallamushi khoki, mushi parron, kallamushi turkistoni zindagi mekunand. Dar dashthoi domanai kuhho kurmush, khargushu ruboh hastand. Dar jangalu dashthoi kuhi gurg, qashqaldok, palang, savsor, khirsi malla, khuki dashti vomekhurand. Dar margzorhoi alpi va buttazorhon balandkuh (dar balandii az 2600 to 3500 .m) sugur, khargush, mush, buzi kuhi, arkhar yo ki gusfandi kuhi zindagi mekunand. Dar Pomiri balandkuh az shirkhurho khirs, gurg, gusfandi kuhi, sugur, khargush, mushhoi sahroy, buzi kuhi, ohu, ruboh, qashqaldok, babr — jam 21 namudi shirkhurho hast.

Muvofiqi qonuni muhofizati tabiat miqdori muayyani hayvonoti mavjudaro dar muhlatu muhithoi tainshuda shikor kardan mumkin ast. Jumhurii mo az hayvonhoi yoboi boy ast.

Jinsi asosii hayvonhoi shirkhuri shikorshavanda ondatra, sanjob, samur, ruboh va gayra meboshand.

Dar mamnugohho (makhfuzgohho)-i Beshai palangon, Romit sarshumori hayvonoti nodirro na tanho nigohubin mekunand, balki tarzi hayot va raftori onhoro meomuzand, masalahoi muhimi tagyir dodani Namudhoro ba manfiati odam hal mekunand. CHunin choyho dar darai Romit, vodii Vakhsh, Pomir, Kulob niz hastand. Gayr az in az hayvonhoi muinador: samur, rubohi siyohi nuqragin, norka dar fermahoi makhsus parvarish karda meshavand. Ba in mutakhassishoi sohai hayvonot — seleksionerho baroi parvarish kardani hayvonhoi muinadori gunogunrangu khushsifag mashguland. Holo norkahoi safed, siyoh, kabudi nuqragii, marvoridrangro ba vujud ovardaand.

Boyad qayd kard, ki to imruz az sababi shikori khudsaronayu benaqsha Namudhoi baze hayvonho tamoman yo aksaran nobud gardidaand, ki baroi barqaror kardan 20-25 sol lozim ast.

Akhamiyati sanitarii baze hayvonhoi darrandai shirkhur dar on ast, ki hayvonhoi kasalu logar yo jasadi khudmurdai onhoro khurda, miqdori kasali va barangezandagoni kasalihoi bayni hayvonotu insonro kam mekunand.

Ahamiyati zeboii hayvonoti shirkhur az parrandaho va digar hayvonho kam nesg. Bisyor hayvonhoi shirkhur nihoyat shaklu rangi

zebo va raftorhoi ba khud khosi diqqatchalbkunanda dorand, ki onro mo beshtar dar vahti tamoshoi bogi hayvonotu mamnugohho, sirk, inchunin khangomi charidani rama, poda, gala. sela, gudai onho yo hangomi buzkashy pay mebarem. Dar tabiat ham mushokhida kardani rangu ovoz, harakatu gamkhori ba naslashon ba kas halovat mebakhshad.

Dustdoroni tabiatba gushahoi gunogunmanzarai Tojiknston baroi sayru tamosho rafta, az nazdik ba zeboii olami hayvonot shinos meshavand.

Savol va suporishho:

  1. Dar borai qatori maymunho (gibbon, orangutang, shimpanze, gorilla) va odam malumot dihed.  2. Dar borai ahamiyati hayvonoti shirkhur va muhofizati on az tarafi inson naql kuned.
  1. Dar borai gyulen va nahangho malumot dihed.
  2. Olimoni nomdori sohahoi zoologiyai jahoni, sobiq Ittihodi SHuravi va Jumhurii Tojikistonro nombar kuned.
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