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AGRANULOSITOZ

agranulositozAGRANULOSITOZ (Agranulocytosis; az a – hissachai inkori, lot. granulum – dona va yun. kytos – hujayra), dar khun nest yo nihoyat kam shudani granulositho. A. Hangomi bemorihoi siroyati (domana, ufu- nat, sil, varaja, surkhakon), avitaminoz, kasalihoi khun, tasiri bevositai moddahoi khimiyavi (mas., bugi benzol), nurhoi ionnok, hassosii organizmi baze odamon ba doruvor (davohoi sulfanilamidi, amidopirin, baze antibiotikho va g.) paydo meshavad. Goho A. dar natijai reaksiyai allergii organizm va hosil shudani autoantitelaho bar ziddi leykosithoi khun niz ba vujud meoyad. Hangomi A.-i shadid pardahoi luobi va bodomakho jarohat paydo karda, tab yakbora baland (bazan ta- blarza) meshavad, beholivu bemadori rukh medihad. Dar khun adadi neytrofilho kam megardad. A.-i takrori beshtar dar mavridi dubora qabul kardani baze davoho va tamos bo moddahoi khimiyavi ba amal omada, nishonahoi on goh avj megirand va gohe khomush meshavand. A.-ro bo rohi khunguzaroni, istifodai vitaminho (V2, V6, V12), doruhoi gormoni, antibiotikho va g. tabobat menamoyand.
Ad.: Gematologicheskie bolezni u detey, Minsk, 1996; Spravochnik po gematologii, Kiev, 1997; Pri- ves M.G., Lisenkov N.K., Anatomiya chelove- ka, M., 1999.

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