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AFi

360px-echis_carinatus_0AFi (Echis carinatus), mori afi, afo, efa, yak nav mori zahrnok. Dar Afrikai SHimoli, Eron, Iroq, Afgoniston, Hinduston, Osiyoi Markazi va dig. mavzeho duchor meoyad. Dar Tojikiston asosan dar nohiyahoi jan.-garbi vomekhurad. Dar sharoiti baroi hayot musoid miqdori A. khele ziyod meshavad. Mas., dar vodii d. Murgob az masohati 1,5 km2 morqapho dar tuli 7 sol ziyoda az 2 haz. adad mori A. doshta giriftaand. A. dar sharoiti Osiyoi Markazi az okh. fevral to iyun ruzona va tobiston boshad, shabona faol meshavad. Daroziash 50 – 60 (bazan 70 – 80) sm; narina az modinaash daroztar ast. Dar qismi sari A. pulakchahoi maydai nuqratob mavjudand (dar farqi sar naqshi salibshakl dida meshavad); rangash khokistari, kholhoi kaloni safed dorad. Odatan dar khomahoi reg, dashthoi zardkhoku gildor, buttazorho, kharobazor va dig. joyho zindagi mekunad. Mohhoi iyul – avg. nasl medihad (3 – 15 bacha mezoyad; daroziashon 10 – 16 sm). Gizoi A. asosan khoyandahoi khurd, kaltakalos, parandaho va qurboqqa meboshad. Zahri mori A. baroi hayvonoti khurd (mush, kallamush, kaltakalos va g.) margovar ast. A. ba jumlai morhoi khele khavfnok mansub boshad ham, ba odam asosan az beehtiyotii khudi u darmeaftad. Binobar in dar mavridi duchor omadan ba A. az 3 m beshtar ba on nazdik shudan mumkin nest.
Zahri A. khele purtasir ast. On saviyai fibrinogenro dar khun past karda, boisi raftani khuni bisyor az joi morgazida va luobpardahoi chashm, bini, dahon megardad. Har shakhsi panjume, ki uro A. gazidaast, vafot meyobad. Bo maqsadi peshgiri namudani tasiri zahr ba organizm, to omadani dukhturon yo to ba bemorkhona rasondani jabrdida, baze tadbirho andeshidan lozim ast. Qabl az hama zahrro az joe, ki mor gazidaast, hattalimkon dur sokhtan lozim. Bo in maqsad kanorhoi zakhmro bo angushton sakht zer karda, khuni ikhrojshudaro makida mepartoyand. In korro boyad dar davomi 7 – 10 daqiqai badi gazidani A. anjom dod. Makidani zahr baroi odam ziyon nadorad. Dar amaliyai tib az zahri A. doruhoi gunogun tayyor mekunand. Nig. niz Hayvonoti zahrdor, Mor, Zahri mor.

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