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AFSURDARuHi

indexAFSURDARuHi (Depressio), depressiya, betobiest, ki bo ikhtiloli faoliyati ruhi (ruhaftodagi) va jismoni, past shudani tonusi organizm, sustii harakat, nosomonii dastgohi hozima va khob zohir megardad. Darajahoi gunoguni alomathoi A. mushohida meshavand. Mas., ruhaftodagi bo anduh, gum shudani shavqu havas, gami garon va khohishi margi khesh; sustii faoliyati ruhi bo «zaifi»-i tafakkur, hissi «vaqfi tafakkur», qobiliyat nadoshtan ba ijroi korhoi fikri; zaifii harakat bo andake bemadori va dar yak vaziyat soatho «shakh shuda mondani» bemor va g. Vobasta ba zuhuroti alomatho A. sabuk va puriztirob meshavad. Dar rafti A.-i puriztirob anduh bo «oshubi harakat», khuruji yasu noumedi hamroh megardad. In qabil bemoron qiyofai khos dorand: beist ba yak nuqta nigoh mekunand, imovu ishoraashon bemafhum, harakatashon sust ast. Odamone, ki bo ilmi ravonpizishki shinos nestand, A.-ro ba kayfiyati bad, nokhushii ruhi, khastagi, az had ziyod monda shudan, vitaminkohii avvali bahor mansub medonand. Bar khilofi muvaqqatan past shudani tonusi ruhiyu fiziologie, ki aslan ba sharoiti beruna vobasta buda, khosi odamoni solim ast, A. betobii ustuvorest, ki hatto badi bartaraf shudani sababhoi inkishof niz metavonad idoma yobad. Ba ustuvorii A. khastagii tuloni, sadamai ruhii kasholyofta (ba nom A.-i bemadori), az sar guzaronidani gamu kulfat (ba nom A-i mutaassiri) musoidat mekunand. A.-i odamoni kalonsol imkon dorad, ki badi baze bemorihoi siroyati (mas., gripp) inkishof yobad. Biduni nazorati dukhtur va bisyor istemol namudani baze doruho, khususan doruhoi taskinbakhsh niz A.-i tuloniro ba vujud meovarad. SHakhsoni ruhan zaif va noustuvor (bemoroni nevroz, psikhopatiya, ashkhose, ki zarbu lat khurdaand, mayzadagon) ba osoni giriftori A. meshavand. A. beshtar zuhuri jununi pironsoli va shizofreniya, hamchunin yake az holathoi (davrahoi) psikhozi vasvosu afsurdaruhi meboshad.
A. betobiest, ki hamesha ba muolija ehtiyoj dorad. Hatto darajai susti A., ki bazan «hej gap ne», «meguzarad» gufta gumon mekunem, odamro az khushihoi zindagi mahrum mesozad, ba robitai odamon, inkishofi ijtimoii onho mone gardida, ba gum kardani mavqei hayoti burda merasonad. Abaski shakhsi afsurdaruh dar borai muhiti ijtimoi idrok va aqidai khos dorad (ba nom tafakkuri depressiyavi), u zudranj meshavad. Vaqte ki «hama chiz siyoh metobad» az bahonai andak janjol barmekhezad va boisi qati aloqa bo odamoni nazdik va hatto khudkushi megardad. Barobari beshtar avj giriftani A., garchand gamu hasrat ziyod ast, ehtimoliyati khudkushi kam meshavad (az sababi bemadorii bemor). A. dar surati psikhozi pironsoli yo shizofreniya baroi kheshovandoni bemor khavfnok ast, chunki u qodir ast nafaqat khud, balki digaronro niz «khayrkhohona» kushad (muvofiqi aqidai mariz nafaqat ba u, balki ba nazdikonash ham zindagi darkor nest).
Dar asnoi avj giriftani A. bemoronro odatan dar kasalkhona tabobat mekunand. Hangomi muolijai ambulatori ba jo ovardani dasturhoi dukhtur oid ba tartibi qabuli doru va nizomi tagziya bechunu charo zarur ast. Bisyor doruhoi mufarreh (anditepressantho), ki baroi bartaraf namudani A. istifoda meshavand, ba baze namudhoi khurok nomuvofiq meboshand. Dar davrai istemoli in qabil doruvor nushidani mashruboti spirti joiz nest, zero in metavonad boisi ikhtiloli vazninu baroi hayot khavfnoki faoliyati dilu ragho – kollaps gardad. Badi qabuli baze antidepressantho surati idroku aksulamali javobi sust khohad shud, binobar in dar vaqti ba bemoron tain namudani onho idora kardani vasoiti naqliyot (avtomobil, mototsikl, velosiped va g.) man meboshad.

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