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AFSHURA

220px-oranges_and_orange_juiceAFSHURA, shira, sharbat, navi nushoki. Az meva, buttameva va sabzavot tayyor mekunand. Baroi gizoi kudakon va shakhsone, ki ba bemorihoi medayu ruda, azoi peshobbaror va ikhtiloli mubodilai moddaho giriftorand, ahamiyati kalon dorad. A. az 10 – 30% angishtob (vobasta ba navi A. va miqdori qandi ilovagi ), namakhoi minerali, vitaminho, kislotahoi organiki, moddahoi dabbogi, fermentho va g. iborat ast. A. taru toza (tabii) va konservonida (pasterizonida) meshavad. Baroi ba kudakon khurondan va bo maqsadi parhez ba A. gayr az qand kislotai askorbinat niz hamroh mekunand.
A.-hoi polida (sofkorishuda) va nopolida (biduni sofkori) niz mavjudand. A.-i nopolida mufidtar ast, chunki gayr az moddahoi gizoi mazza, rang va bui mevahoi taru tozaro dorad. Baroi tayyor kardani chunin A. mevaro shakida «otola» menamoyand. Dar A.-i konservonida vitaminho der mepoyand (nig. jadval).
Gayr az A.-i meva va buttameva, A.-hoi sabzavot niz mamuland. A.-i sabziro bo rohi omekhtani sharbati qand va shakidai sabzi tayyor mekunand. A.-i sabzi manbai karotin (provitamini A) ast. On inchunin namakhoi kalsiy, fosfor va ohan dorad, ki baroi organizm zarurand. Az jihati gizonoki va hozimi nisbat ba dig. A.-hoi sabzavoti behtar buda, makhsusan baroi kudakon, zanhoi homila va shirkhorador mufid ast. Az pomidorhoi pukhtarasida niz A. megirand. Dar A.-i pomidor qarib hamai vitaminhoi tarkibi gizoi rastanigi mavjudand. Dar on khususan karotin va vitamini S bisyor ast. A.-i pomidor namakhoi minerali, qand va kislotahoi organiki ham dorad. Vay khushtam buda, tashnagiro meshikanad.
Dar A.-i lablabu ba miqdori ziyod qand, namakhoi minerali va moddahoi nitrogendor hastand. Ba kudakoni khurdsol az yakunim mohagi sar karda A.-i seb, qoti siyoh, angur, sabzi va az se –seyunim solagi A.-i olu, olucha, zardolu, tamashk (malina) va pomidor dodan mumkin. A.-i seb, sabzi va karamro bo dig. A.-ho omekhtan mumkin nest. Baroi peshgiri namudani ikhtiloli hozima ba kudakon A.-ro dar ruzhoi avval kam-kam medihand (odatan ruzi avval 2 – 3 chakra, ruzi duyum 5 – 6 chakra va g.). Dar nimsolai avval ba kudak har ruz to 50 ml, bad 60 – 80 ml dodani A. tavsiya shudaast. Agar istemoli A. boisi darunravii kudak gardad, ba u tanho A.-i limu va agar qabziyatro ba vujud ovarad, A.-i sabzi va aflesun medihand. A.-ro ba kudak faqat bad az istemoli khurok boyad dod, vagarna on ishtihoro mebandad. Hangomi ba kudak dodani A.-hoi qulfinay va shohtuti zamini boehtiyot budan zarur ast, zero onho boisi diatez meshavand (nig. niz SHirincha). Az A.-i meva moqut (kisel) va poluda (jele) tayyor kardan oson ast.
A.-ro chun gizoi shifobakhsh niz istemol mekunand. Ba bemorone, ki giriftori gastrit buda, turshii shirai medaashon past ast, A.-i tursh (A.-i seb, karam, olucha, pomidor) medihand. Hangomi baland budani turshii shirai meda istemoli A.-i shirin (A.-i zardolu, qulfinay, tamashk, angur) tavsiya meshavad. Bo maqsadi muolija A.-ro baroi har bemor dukhtur muayyan mekunad.

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