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AFLESUN

apelsin7AFLESUN (Citrus sinensis), purtakhol, darakhtest hameshasabzi subtropiki. To 4 – 12 m qad mekashad; sershokhu barg, navdahoyash rost, tanavu shokhaash khorhoi borik dorand. Bargash miyonahajm yo kaloni jilodor, charmgun, girdai nugtez, bazan andak dandonador, sabzi tira; navda va barghoi navrustaash sabzi kushod. Gulash dujinsa, safed va khushbuy. Mevaash lunda, nokmonand yo bayzashakl; pustash sakht, charmguni ravganin, hamvor, ba gusht sakht chaspidaast. Gushtash serobu shirin yo nordon, az 8 – 13-pora iborat ast (har porai on bo parda pushonida shudaast). Tabibon meva va afshurai onro hamchun vositai ishtihoovar, talkharon va pastkunandai fishori khun tavsiya medihand. A. baroi tabobati ateroskleroz, farbehi, bemorihoi jigar, niqris nofe ast. Tabiboni khalqi A.-ro bo maqsadi muolijai zakhmu yarai siroyatyofta kor mefarmoyand. Afshurai A. mikrobhoro mahv mesozad. Moddahoi pektinii tarkibi on faoliyati rudahoro behtar namuda, baroi peshgirii qabziyat mufid ast. A. va afshurai on ishtihoro kushoda hazmi gizoro behtar menamoyad, ikhroji talkharo metezonad. A. baroi tabobati gipovitaminoz va avitaminoz niz mufid ast. Binobar sergizo va servitamin budan, A. dar mavridi ateroskleroz, gipertoniya, farbehi, bemorihoi jigar, niqris (podagra) nafi ziyod dorad. CHand porai A.-ro istemol namoyand, gizo zud hazm shuda, saviyai kholesterin past megardad. Dar mavridi bronkhit bo maqsadi oson shudani nafaskashi bo A. ingalyatsiya mekunand (30 daqiqa bugi jushobi pusti meva va bargi onro nafas boyad girift). Ravgani efiri A. tabro bolida sokhta, khastagiro raf menamoyad. Agar 1,5 qoshuqcha pusti rezakardai A. va 1,5 qoshuqcha bargu poyai nozbu (limugiyoh)-ro dar 1,5 istakon ob choy karda, bo asal istemol namoyand, asabhoro khele orom mesozad. Istemoli ziyodi A. ba luobpardai meda, ruda va gurdaho ziyon dorad. Az in ru, onro baroi bemoroni giriftori zakhmi medayu rudai duvozdahangushta, enteritho, iltihobi ruda, kholesistit, gepatit va nefrit tavsiya namedihand.
Ad.: Gulov S.M., Mevahoi sitrusi, D., 2005.
S.M. Gulov.

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