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ADENOID

adenoidADENOID (Adenoides; az yun. Aden – gadud va eidos – shakl), az had ziyod kalon shudani bodomakhoi gulu. Asosan dar shirkhoraho va kudakoni 3 – 10 sola(bazan az 10-sola kalon) mushohida meshavad. Ba A. baze bemorihoi siroyati, ki hangomi onho pardai luobii daruni bini va bodomakho gazak megirand (mas., surkhcha, makhmalak, guluzindonak, gripp va g.), inchunin gazaki shadid va muzmini rohhoi boloi nafaskashi musoidat mekunand. Binobar in sari vaqt va durust muolicha kardani in bemoriho baroi peshgirii A. ahamiyati kalon dorad. Dushvor gashtani nafaskashi bo bini, ki dar natijai halqu dimogro pur kardani bodomaki kalon ba amal meoyad, hamchunin tarashshuhi ziyod az bini alomathoi avvalini A. meboshand. Dar natijai vayron shudani nafaskashi bo bini kudakon dar khob khurrok mekashand. Hobi noorom boisi beholi va ruhaftodagi megardad; chunin kudakon dar maktab bad mekhonand. Kudakoni shirmak sinaro durust makida natavonista, jisman sust inkishof meyoband. Gayr az in, A. dar in sinnu sol sababi bronkhit va bronkhopnevmoniya megardad. Dar chinhoi A. bazan ba miqdori ziyod bakteriyaho gun meshavand (adenoidi muzmin). Az in lihoz onho metavonand manbai paydoishi iltihobi shadidi khalqu dimog gardand. Bisyor vaqt dar barobari khuruji A. quvvai somea zaf meyobad. Dar asnoi tul kashidani bemori kudak bo bini nafas girifta nametavonad, binobar in u faqat bo dahon nafas mekashad va hamesha dahonashro kushoda megardad; jogi poyon ovezon va chinhoi biniyu lab nest shuda, ruy namudi khosa megirad. Az sababi dushvor gardidani harakati khunu limfa dar mayna sar dard mekunad.Baroi peshgirii oqibati nokhushi A. hangomi paydoishi alomathoi avvalini bemori darhol ba dukhtur murojiat kardan zarur ast. A.-ro bisyor vaqt bo rohi jarrohi, ki dar sharoiti menamoyand (badi 1,5 – 2 soat kudakro ba khona javob medihand); 2 – 3 ruzi avvali badi jarrohi kudakro bistari karda, to 5 – 7 ruz az taomi garm (az 18 – 200S bolo), gizohoi sakht (mas, noni khushk va g.), inchunin khurokihoi tund, shur va shokolad parhez kunonidan lozim ast; bisyor harakat kardan va dar oftob gash- tan mumkin nest; joi zistu bozi va khobi u boyad doimo toza boshad; khonai khobi kudakro faqat bo lattai tar toza kardan lozim ast.
Ad: Bogomilskiy M.R., CHistyakova
V.R., Detskaya otorinolaringologiya, M., 2002; Hi- rurgicheskie bolezni detskogo vozrasta, j. 1 – 2, M., 2004; Detskie bolezni, M., 2004.

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