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ABUMANSURI MUVAFFAQ

imagesABUMANSURI MUVAFFAQ ibni Alii Hiravi, tabib va dorushinosi a. 11 tochik. Nom va talifoti A. M.-ro hech yak az sohiboni osori asrimiyonagi zikr nakardaand. YAgona makhaze, ki az on metavon lahzahoi hayoti A. M.-ro arzyobi kard, asari u «Al-Abniya an haqoiqi-l-adviya» ast, ki az khususi adviyai mufrada va khavossi onho bahs mekunad. Muallif khud dar muqaddimai kitob navishta, ki rasoili hakimoni peshin va olimonu tabibonro chustuchu karda, «dar adviyavu agziyai mufrad va… kirdori har dorue va manfiathovu mazarrathoyash» ba taammul nigarista, az Buqrot, Jolinus, Disquridis, Mosarjuya, Ibni Rabbani Tabari, Husayn ibni Is- hoq, Sobit ibni Qurra, Muhammad ibni Zakariyoi Rozi, Sinon ibni Sobit va Muso ibni Sinon naqli qavl kardaast». Asar s. 1056 talif shudaast. A. M. dar in kitob 585 navi doruvorro mavridi tadqiq qaror dodaast. Asari mazkurro Asadii Tusi kitobat namudaast. A. M. dar faoliyati khesh shevai kori pizish- koni hindi va nazariyoti onhoro beshtar mepisandidaast, zero ba guftai khudi vay, «doru on jo beshtar ast va aqoqir on jo teztaru khushtar va himmati on mardumon ba istiqso andar hikmat boligtar ast».
Ad.: Abumansur Muvaffaqi Hiravi, «Al-Abniya an-haqoiqi-l-adviya» (Ba kushishi Ah- madi Bahmanyor va Husayni Mahbubi Ardakoni), Tehron, 1346; Doiratu-l-maorifi buzurgi islomi, j. 6, Tehron, 1373; Dehkhudo. Lugatnoma, j. 45, Tehron, 1352; Muin, Farhangi forsi, j. 5 – 6, Tehron, 1375.

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