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ABUBAKRI ROZI

Olimi jahonshumul va faylasufi benaziri ashobi hayulo Abubakr Muhammad ibni Zakariyo ibni YAhyoi Rozi  avvali mohi shaboni soli 251 hijri (28 avgusti soli 865 melodi) dar shahri Ray ba dunyo omadaast.35 Dar javoni ba andukhtani ulumi adabi shugl varzida, sher meguft, musiqi meofarid, musiqiro tadqiqu tahqiq mekard, udro khub menavokht. Hamchunin, dar zargari mahorati tamom paydo karda bud va ba kasbi sarrofi mepardokht. Nihoyat, ilmi kimiyoro ham amiq omukhta, roje ba masoili gunoguni on 22 asar ofarid. Mashguliyati ziyod dar ilmi kimiyo chashmoni Abubakrro dardmand karda bud. In ast, ki dar avval ba muolijai chashmoni khud pardokht. Sipas, dar sisolagi, ba omukhtani donishi pizishki mashgul gardida, dar in ilm mahorat paydo kard. Muddate chand ba bemoristonhoi Ray va Bagdod sarvari namud. Usuli navi tashkhisi dardho va tarzi tabobati onhoro ba javonon meomuzond va roje ba tib besh az 200 asar talif karda bud.

Donishi Abubakri Rozi bo ulumi kimiyo va tib mahdud nameshavad. U ba faro giriftani falsafa jiddan shugl varzida, dar in bora yak silsila asarhoi jolib meofarad, ki  hamai onho dar tarikhi falsafa ba arzishi buzurge molik meboshand.

Roje ba rishtahoi digari donish, az qabili tabiiyot, riyoziyot, ilohiyot, mantiq, akhloq va amsoli inho niz osori ziyode dorad. 15 soli umri azizi khudro baroi tadvinu talifi «Aj-jome-ul-kabir» sarf kard, ki bo nomi «Al-hovi» mashhur ast.

Dar pironsolagi ba dardi shadidi chashm giriftor shuda, nihoyat, tamoman az quvvai binoyi mahrum gardid va 5-umi shaboni soli 315 hijri, ki barobari 25-umi oktyabri soli 925 melodist, dar zodgohi khud- shahri Ray chashm az olam pushid.

«At-tibbu-r-ruhoni» va «As-sirratu-l-falsafiya» va «Al-ilmu-l-ilohi» va «Kitobu-s-sirri» niz az osori muhimmi Abubakri Rozi ba hisob meravand.

Aburayhoni Beruni arzishi balandi ilmii osori uro ba nazar girifta, dar borai kitobhoi Rozi fehristi makhsuse talif namudaast, ki to imruz boqist.

Abubakri Rozi dar muhimtarin asari falsafii khud «Al-ilmu-l-ilohi» doir ba qudamoi khamsa, yane roje ba Bori Taolo, hayulo, Nafs, Makon va Zamon fikr ronda, izhor menamoyad, ki hamai in panj hasti qadimi buda, hayulo niz misli Bori Taolo azali meboshad. U mutaqid ast, ki manii har jisme bar javhari fard vobasta ast. Aqidai qudamoi khamsa az talimoti qadimi mardumoni eroni sarchashma girifta, Abubakri Rozi ham dar in khusus shoyad «tahti tasiri eroniyoni qadim voqe shuda boshad».36

Vay dar kitobhoi khud «As-sirrat-ul-falsafiya» va «At-tibbu-r-ruhoni» dar masalai sozish dodani dinu falsafa, ki payravoni talimoti Arastu dar islom va mutakallimin baroi on kushish menamudand, muqobil baromada, dinu falsafaro bo ham oshtinopazir meshumorad. Dar zindagi haddi etidolro behtarin sheva medonad va dar jam kardani mol haris nabudanro talim medihad.

Kitobi digari mashhuri Abubakri Rozi roje ba falsafa «Al-qavlu fi-z-zamon va-l-makon» ba hisob meravad. Umuman, merosi ilmii Abubakri Roziro az 164 to 264 guftaand37, ki jumla dar tarikhi ulumi islomi mashhur budaand. Binobar hamin, Abubakri Rozi na faqat dar olami islom, balki dar tamomi jahon az buzurgtarin donoyoni olam ba shumor meravad.

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