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ABUBAKR RABE IBNI AЊMADI AHAVAYNII BUHORI

imagesABUBAKR RABE IBNI AЊMADI AHAVAYNII BUHORI (s.tav.nomalum – vaf.takhm. bayni solњoi 983-984), tabib. Kuniyai uro «Abubakr», «Abuњakim» zikr kardaand. A. bo nomhoi Akhavi, Akha- vayn, Achavayni niz shuhrat yoftaast. Roche ba ruzgori A. akhbori sahehe dar dast nest. Az matni «Hidoyatu-l-mutaallimin fi-t- tib» barmeoyad, ki A. az pizishkoni ma- rufi asri khesh buda, hama umr ba tabobat ishtigol doshtaast. A. dar muolichai molikhuliyo daste tamom doshta, ba unvoni «pizishki devonagon» niz shinokhta shuda- ast. Bar asosi shavohide, ki khud dar ki- tobi «Hidoyatu-l-mutaallimin fi-t-tib» zikr kardaast, malum megardad, ki A. az ahli Bukhoro budaast. Tarikhi vafoti A. sarehan malum nest. Muchtabo Minavi bo tavachchuh ba on ki pizishki ahdi Somoniyon khudro tarbiyatyoftai shogirdi Zakariyoi Rozi nomidaast, vafoti uro s. 983-984 donistaast. Maruftarin asari A. «Hidoyatu-l-mutaallimin fi-t-tib» ast, ki soli talifi on niz daqiqan rushan nest. «Hidoyatu-l-mutaallimin fi-t-tib» asari marufu boarzish va yake az kuhantarin kitobhoi pizishki ba zaboni forsii dari ast. Muallif onro baroi farzandi khud talif karda, az tachribahoi besh az 30- solai khud yodovar shudaast. A. dar talifi asari mazkur az tachribahoi buzurgone ba monandi Muhammad Zakariyoi Rozi, Sobit ibni Qurra, YAhyo ibni Mosuya, Jolinus, Buqrot va dig. bahra burdaast. Ba qavli Nizomii Aruzii Samarqandi va dig. ula- moi mutabar, «Hidoyatu-l-mutaallimin fi-t-tib», ki bo nomi «Kitobu-l-hidoyati- l-mutaallimin fi-t-tib» niz shuhrat yof- taast, az chumlai kitobhoi darsii mutado- vil dar asrhoi miyona mahsub meshudaast.
Ad.: Akhavaynii Bukhori, Rabe, «Hidoyatu-l- mutaallimin» (Ba kushishi Jaloli Matini), Mashhad, 1344; Doiratu-l-maorifi buzurgi islomi, ch. 7, Tehron, 1377; Merosi Oli Somon, Huchand, 2001; Nizomii Aruzi, «CHahor maqola» (Ba kushishi Muhammad Qazvini va Muhammad Muin), Tehron, 1333.

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